2022年6月《吉祥》

发布时间:2022-7-04 | 杂志分类:其他
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2022年6月《吉祥》

主管:中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室 主办:云南省人民政府新闻办公室 承办:云南日报报业集团 编辑出版:云南省南亚东南亚区域国际传播中心 编辑指导委员会成员 主任:彭 斌 何祖坤 副主任:赖 勇 王廷尧 主要管理人员 总编辑:王廷尧 法人代表、常务副总编辑:熊 燕 执行主编:张若谷 编辑部主任:陈创业 编辑部副主任:曹云波 缅文译审:郭联美 许清媛 祝湘辉 第一读者:巴 乌 ( 缅籍 ) 中文编辑:陈灿霞 缅文编辑:张莹琳 李雨曈  翻译:李祖清 ( 缅籍 ) 许清媛 杜光民(缅籍 ) 视觉设计:武 瑞 仰光分社:张莹琳 Zaw Ye Aung( 缅籍 ) 发行:张俊宏 地址:中国云南省昆明市西山区日新中路 516 号云报传媒广场 A 座 9 楼 编辑部电话:86-871-64112973(传真 ) 办公室电话:86-871-64101644 发行部电话:86-871-64101727 邮 编:650034 仰光发行代理:仰光传媒集团 仰光分社地址:No.22/ 24, Aye Condo 4 floor ,Shin Saw Pu Road, Sanchaung Township,... [收起]
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2022年6月《吉祥》
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畅通产业供应链,中国这样做 pufrIvkyfief;ukefaxmufyHha&;uGif;quf tqifajyacsmarGUap&ef w½kwfEdkifiH\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; 城市农夫热衷“阳台种菜” cspfMunfa&;? em;vnfrIESifh ykl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIrsm; tvif;a&mif ydkí awmufyNyD; xGef;um;jyeYfyGm;ap 让友谊、理解与合作的光芒更加闪耀 NrdKUjyawmifolrsm; “0&efwm aps;qdkifwnf”&ef pdwftm;xufoefMujcif; 总第 340期 2022 06
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主管:中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室 主办:云南省人民政府新闻办公室 承办:云南日报报业集团 编辑出版:云南省南亚东南亚区域国际传播中心 编辑指导委员会成员 主任:彭 斌 何祖坤 副主任:赖 勇 王廷尧 主要管理人员 总编辑:王廷尧 法人代表、常务副总编辑:熊 燕 执行主编:张若谷 编辑部主任:陈创业 编辑部副主任:曹云波 缅文译审:郭联美 许清媛 祝湘辉 第一读者:巴 乌 ( 缅籍 ) 中文编辑:陈灿霞 缅文编辑:张莹琳 李雨曈  翻译:李祖清 ( 缅籍 ) 许清媛 杜光民(缅籍 ) 视觉设计:武 瑞 仰光分社:张莹琳 Zaw Ye Aung( 缅籍 ) 发行:张俊宏 地址:中国云南省昆明市西山区日新中路 516 号云报传媒广场 A 座 9 楼 编辑部电话:86-871-64112973(传真 ) 办公室电话:86-871-64101644 发行部电话:86-871-64101727 邮 编:650034 仰光发行代理:仰光传媒集团 仰光分社地址:No.22/ 24, Aye Condo 4 floor ,Shin Saw Pu Road, Sanchaung Township, Yangon 电 话:09795503422 09959543599 发行范围:国内外公开发行 邮发代号:64-35 出版日期:每月五日 中国标准连续出版物号 ISSN 1009-9417 CN 53-1115/G2 http://www.yunnangateway.com E-mail:yunnanjixiang@163.com 广告经营许可证号:5300004000052 印 刷:云南日报印务中心 定 价:10 元(人民币)/2000 缅币 wm0efcHpDrHcefYcGJol--w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiH EdkifiHawmfaumifpD owif;jyefMum;a&;Xme xkwfa0ol--,leefjynfe,f jynfolYtpdk;& owif;jyefMum;a&;Xme wm0ef,laqmif&Gufol--,leefaeYpOfowif;pmtzGYJ pDpOfwnf;jzwfíyHkESdyfxkwfa0ol--“r*Fvm”r*¾Zif;pmwnf;tzGJY pmwnf;nTefMum;a&;aumfrwDtzGJY0if wm0efcH-- zkefyif? a[mfusKdcGif; 'kwd,wm0efcH-- vkduf,kH? 0rfxifa&mif t"duwm0efxrf;aqmifolrsm; t,f'DwmcsKyf--0rfxifa&mif Oya'tBuHay;? tNrJwrf;trIaqmif 'kwd,t,f'DwmcsKyf--&Tef&rf trIaqmift,f'DwmcsKyf--usef;aZmhul pmwnf;Xmewm0efcH--csdefcGßrf&nf pmwnf;Xme'kwd,wm0efcH--qnf;qm jrefrmpm wnf;jzwfjyefqdkol--r*Fvm0if;? a':cifpdef? oefYZifarmif yxrqHk;pmzwfol--bOD;(jrefrmEdkifiHom;) w½kwfpmt,f'Dwm--csdefcsef&Sm jrefrmpm t,f'Dwm--azG;azG;Munfvif? cifoufESif; jrefrmpmbmomjyef--vDMuLcsif;(jrefrmEdkifiHom;)? a':cifpdef? awmfaumif;rif;(jrefrmEdkifiHom;) 'DZkdif;qGJol--0la&T &efukefNrdKY½kH;cGJ--azG;azG;Munfvif? aZmf&Jatmif(jrefrmEdkifiHom;) jzefYcsda&;0efxrf;--usef;Budrf[kef vdyfpm- (9)vTm? taqmuftOD;(A) ? ,leefaeYpOfowif;pmtzGYJ rD'D,m&ifjyif? trSwf (516)? RixinZhong vrf;? &SD;pef;&yfuGuf? ulrif;NrdKY? ,leefjynfe,f? w&kwfEkdifiH Fax--86-871-64112973 zkef;eHygwf--86-871-64101644 jzefYcsda&;Xmezkef;eHygwf--86-871-64101727 pmydkYoauFw--650034 &efukefjrdKYjzeYfcsda&;at*sifpD? Yangon Media Group Ltd. &efukefNrdKY½kH;cGJvdyfpm-No.22/ 24? at;uGef'kd 4 vTm? &Sifapmykvrf;? prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU &efukefNrdKY½kH;cGJzkef;eHygwf/ 09795503422? 09959543599 w½kwfjynfwGif;jynfywGif jzefYcsdxkwfa0onf pmydkY&eftpm;xdk;eHygwf--64-35 vpOf 5 &ufaeYwGif yHkESdyfxkwfa0onf w½kwfpHcsdefpHnTef;pOfqufrjywfyHkESdyfxkwfa0a&;eHygwfrsm; ISSN 1009-9417 CN 53-1115/G2 http://www.yunnangateway.com E-mail:yunnanjixiang@163.com aMumfjimazmfjy&efcGifhjyKcsufeHygwf--5300004000052 yHkESdyfol--,leefaeYpOfowif;pmtzGYJ ykHESdyfrIvkyfief;Xme r*¾Zif;wefzdk;--RMB 10? 2000 usyf w½kwfj'yfrJh,Ofaus;rItarGtESpf\ tvStyudk azmfjyEdkifaom e*g;avSavSmfyGJawmf/ 中国非物质文化遗产——端午节 CFP 图
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2022 ckESpfwGif “r*Fvm” r*¾Zif;onf j'yfrJh,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrsm;udk rsufESmzkH;aqmif;yg;tjzpf wifqufvsuf&Sdygonf/ ,ckvxkwfr*¾Zif;wGif w½kwfEdkifiH\ j'yfrJh,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfjzpf aom “e*g;avSavSmfyGJawmf” pmzwfy&dowfrsm;twGuf a&;om;azmfjyay;rnfjzpfygonf/ pmrsufESm 62 wGif tao;pdwf zwf½IEdkifygonf/ 2022 年,《吉祥》杂志以非物质文化遗产作为封面主题,本期为大家介绍中国非物质文化遗产“端午节”,详见 P62。 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读 8 pufrIvkyfief;ukefaxmufyHha&;uGif;quf tqifajyacsmarGYap&ef w½kwf EdkifiH\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; 畅通产业供应链,中国这样做 axmufyHha&;uGif;quf wnfNidrfrIudk xdef;odrf;umuG,f&ef olwdkYwpfawG \ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; 维护供应链稳定,他们这样做 pmtkyfrsm;ESihfjynfhvQHNyD; pdwfat;csrf;om,mum aEG;axG;vsuf&Sd 书仓充盈 心灵安暖 NrdKUjyxJu okw&o&dyfNrHK jzpfonfh jrefrmpmtkyfqdkifrsm; 缅甸书店,城市里隐秘的精神角落 w½kwfvli,frsm;\ tBudKufopfjzpfvmaom tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppf ypönf;rsm; 小家电 中国年轻人新宠 17 20 28 w½kwf,Ofaus;rI中国文化 ,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrS yHkajymjcif; / / tkwfzdku ajymjyonfh tkwfzdktaMumif; 【听文物讲故事】砖窑:我来说说我的故事 40 aEG&moD nv,fpmjzpfonfh a&csdKausmufykpGefao; 夏季夜宵之王——小龙虾 pm;aumif;aomufzG,f美食生活 42 acwfrDaexdkifrIb0 时尚生活 46 NrdKUjyawmifolrsm; “0&efwm aps;qdkifwnf”&ef pdwftm;xufoefMujcif; 城市农夫热衷“阳台种菜” 32
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62 54 jrefrmjynfutoH缅甸之声 tnmaEGodkY wrf;jcif; 向往故乡的夏天 aysmf&Tifavhvm w½kwfbmom学中文 cspfMunfa&;? em;vnfrIESifh yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIrsm; tvif;a&mif ydkí awmufyNyD; xGef;um;jyeYfyGm;ap 让友谊、理解与合作的光芒更加闪耀 “ ‘r*Fvm”r*¾Zif;odkY ay;pmwpfapmif 给《吉祥》的一封信 þ"mwfyHktwGJonf oif\ &efukeftrSwfw&rsm;udk Edk;xapcJh 这组照片,唤醒你的仰光记忆 52 50 cspfMunfa&;qufqHrIowif;rsm;友好往来 w½kwfj'yfrJh,Ofaus;rItarGtESpf\ tvStyudk azmfjyEdkifaom e*g;avS avSmfyGJawmf 中国非物质文化遗产——端午节 目 录
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① ②③ vufawGUtvkyfvkyf&mrS wdk;wufrI&Sdvm&ef taxmuftuljyKvm 4 &kyfykHjrifuGif;视觉
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④ yHk 1/ usJUusef;jynfe,f [lusL;NrdKUrS tv,fwef;ESifhrlvwef;ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm; vlrIvufawGYoif,lavhvma&;tajcpdkufpcef;wGif rlBudK ausmif;rS ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm;u tmvl;wl;jcif; vufawGYtawGY tBuHK cHpm;aeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 图① 在浙江省湖州市中小学生社会实践基地,幼儿园学生体验 挖马铃薯 中新社 图 yHk 2/ usef;pD;jynfe,f uefYusL;NrdKU 0lvsif;rlvwef;ausmif;wGif ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm;u csufjyKwfenf;oifwef;ü acgufqGJjyKvkyfenf;udk oif,lavhvmaepOf/ 图② 在江西省赣州市武陵小学,学生在烹饪课上学习擀面 新华社 图 yHk 3/ usJUusef;jynfe,f [lusL;NrdKUrS tv,fwef;ESifhrlvwef;ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm; vlrIvufawGYoif,lavhvma&;tajcpdkufpcef;wGif ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm;u v,fxGefjcif;vkyfief;tm; vufawGYvkyfudkif awGYBuHK cHpm;aeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 图③ 在浙江省湖州市中小学生社会实践基地,学生体验耕地 中新社 图 yHk 4/ [layjynfe,f usif;usL;NrdKUrS tv,fwef;ESifhrlvwef;ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm; vlrIvufawGYoif,lavhvma&;tajcpdkufpcef;wGif ausmif; olausmif;om;rsm;u ig;arG;jrLa&;uefwGif ig;zrf;jcif; vufawGYoif,l awGYBuHKcHpm;aeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 图④ 在湖北省荆州市中小学生社会实践基地,学生体验鱼塘捕 鱼 新华社 图 yHk 5/ [layjynfe,f usif;usL;NrdKUrS tv,fwef;ESifhrlvwef;ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm; vlrIvufawGYoif,lavhvma&;tajcpdkufpcef;wGif ausmif; olausmif;om;rsm;u v,fuGif;twGif; jrufyifaygif;oifaeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 图⑤ 在湖北省荆州市中小学生社会实践基地,学生在田间除草 新华社 图 劳动实践助成长 ⑤ 5 视觉 &kyfykHjrifuGif;
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“有信念、有梦想、 有奋斗、有奉献的人生, 才是有意义的人生。” ——中国国家主席习近平 “,kHMunfrIawG? tdyfruf awG? BudK;yrf;tm;xkwfrI awGeJY ay;vSLrIawGyg&SdwJh b0[m teuft"dyÜm,f&SdwJh b0 jzpfygw,f/” —— w½kwfEdkifiH EdkifiHawmfor®w&SDusifhzdef 图片 故事 y k Hrsm;jzi f h ajymjyjci f; / / , lee fjyn fe, fu 1990 jyn f hv Ge fE Sp f ar G;z Gm;aom pufydkif;qdkif&m jyKjyifwwfonfh rdef;uav; 丁凝 文 / 图 6 &kyfykHjrifuGif;视觉
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0uftlvSnfhjcif;? tjyifcGH jzKwfypfjcif;? tif*sif0dkif aq;aMumjcif;? BudK;&pfywfjcif;? oJyufjcif;? jyefvnf wyfqifjcif; ponfwdkYjzifh AD'D,dkxJwGif rdef;uav; onf tNyHK;rsufESmjzifh 'DZ,ftif*sif? armfwmpufrsm; udk jyKjyifaeonf/ rMumrDrSmyif olrxuf ydkí touf BuD;EdkifzG,f&Sdaom tqdkygpufrsm;onf topfwpfzef jyefjzpfvmygonf/ olr\ emrnfonf vifaumfatmf jzpfonf/ ,leefjynfe,f ausmif;xHk;NrdKU &efusif;c½dkifrS AD'D,dkwdk bavmh*gwpfOD; jzpfygonf/ 2017 ckESpfwGif vifaumfatmfonf ulrif;aumvdyf qnfajrmif;wmwrHESifh a&tm;vQyfppfvkyfief; ar*sm jzifh bGJY&cJhí 2018 ckESpfrSpNyD; AD'D,dkwdk zefwD;rIudk pwifvkyfaqmifcJhygonf/ tpu ½dkuful;a&;pcef;udk rD;toHk;jyKEdkif&ef rD;pufjyKjyifjcif;jzpfNyD; xdkodkYjyKjyif onfh vkyfief;pOfudk tGefvdkif;wGif rawmfwq vTifhwif rdcJh&mrS tifwmeufokH;pGJolrsm;\ tm½kHpdkufrI rsm;pGm &&SdcJhygonf/ wjznf;jznf;ESifh olronf &Gmol&Gmom; rsm;\ tdrfokH;pufypönf;? v,f,mokH;pufypönf;rsm; udk ulnDjyKjyifay;cJhonf/ xdkYjyif w½kwfEdkifiHwpf0Srf; rS tifwmeufokH;pGJolrsm;uvnf; olrtm; prf;oyf &eftwGuf pufypönf;tysufta[mif;rsm;udk ydkYay;cJh onf/ “ uRefr&JU arG;&yfZmwdrSm awmifukef;jrifhNyD; csdKifhawG euf½Idif;ygw,f/ pD;yGm;a&;uvnf; aemufus wmaMumifh vli,fawmfawmfrsm;rsm; arG;&yfZmwdudk rjyefcsifMubl;/ uRefru AD'D,dkwdkawG ½dkuful;wmeJY arG;&yfZmwdudk ydkrdkcsrf;omatmif? pnfum;atmif rdwf qufay;NyD; pdkufysdK;a&;xGufukefwcsdKYudk a&mif;cscsif ygw,f”[k vifaumfatmfu ajymjyonf/ tjcm;ol rsm;\ tjrifwGif þonfrSm “AD'D,dkwdk½dkuful;jcif; a&yef;pm;rI” udk vdkufí udk,fydkifpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; xlaxmif&ef arG;&yfZmwdudk jyefvmaom rdef;uav; wpfOD;\ ZmwfaMumif;jzpfygonf/ odkYaomf olrudk,f wdkiftwGufrl arG;&yfZmwdwGif pifjrifhwpfckudk &SmawGYcJh NyD; ,kHMunfrI ydkrdk&&SdNyD; ydkrdkvSyvmygonf/ 7 视觉 &kyfykHjrifuGif;
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你有没有想过,一辆汽车是怎样从工厂走向街道的? 答案并不简单:它的芯片可能来自中国台湾地区,控制系统来自欧洲,车内的其 他配件来自中国长江三角洲、珠江三角洲数十家工厂……这些来自世界各地、中国 各地的配件经过航空、高速公路夜以继日高效运输、智能化的仓储调度,最 终在位于上海的总装车间进行装配。每一分、每一秒,产业的“齿 轮”从不停息,数百个环节像“时钟”一样精确 运行,才让年产几十万辆汽车的超 级工厂成为可能。 畅通产业供应链,中国这样做 pufrIvkyfief;ukefaxmufyHha&;uGif;quf tqifajyacsmarGUap&ef w½kwfEdkifiH\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; {jyDv 27 &ufaeYwGif *syefEdkifiHrS a&muf&Sdvmaom uGefwdefemwifoabFmwpfpif;onf &Sef[dkif; &ef&Srfqdyfurf; uGefwdefemoabFmqdyfwGif ukefcsaepOf/ 4 月 27 日,一艘来自日本的集装箱货轮停靠在上海洋山港集装箱码头卸货 新华社 图 扫描二维码 轻松听杂志 r*¾Zif;udk tvG,fwul zwf½I&ef QR uk'fudk puifzwfyg/ 8 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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本期导读 特稿 w½kwfvli,frsm;\ tBudKufopfjzpfvmaom tao;pm;tdrfoHk; vQyfppfypönf;rsm; txl;aqmif;yg;rsm; 小家电 中国年轻人新宠 P 08 P 20 P 32 畅通产业供应链,中国这样做 pu fr Iv ky fie f;u ke faxmu fy H ha&;u Gi f;qu f tqi fajyacsmar GUap&e f w½kwfEdkifiH\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; armfawmf,mOfwpfpD;tm; puf½HkrSonf vrf;ray: odkYa&mufatmif rnfuJhodkY zefwD;xm;onfudk oif awG;awmzl;ygoavm/ tajzu xifoavmuf rvG,fulay/ ¤if;\ cspfyfjym;onf w½kwfEdkifiH xdkif0rfa'orS xkwfvkyf jcif; jzpfNyD; ,mOfxdef;csKyfrIpepfonf Oa&myEdkifiHrS xkwfvkyfjcif; jzpfEdkifonf/ um;wGif; tjcm;aom tpdwftydkif;rsm;onf w½kwfEdkifiH ,efZDjrpf0uRef;ay: a'oESifh ykvJjrpf0uRef;ay:a'o&Sd puf½Hk aygif;rsm;pGm rS xkwfvkyfxm;aom ukefypönf;rsm; jzpfEdkifonf/ urÇmwpf0Srf;ESifh w½kwfEdkifiH a'otoD;oD;rS xkwf vkyfxm;aom armfawmf,mOftpdwftydkif;rsm;onf avaMumif;vdkif;? tjrefum;vrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh rem;rae tjrefqHk;o,f,lydkYaqmifjcif;? 'pf*spfw,f xm;odkxkwf pmtkyfrsm;ESifhjynfhvQHNyD; pdwfat;csrf;om,mum aEG;axG;vsuf&Sd 书仓充盈 心灵安暖 9 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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,lrIpepf&Sdaom *dka'gifjzifh pDrHcefYcGJjcif;ESifhtwl aemuf qHk;wGif &Sef[kdif;jrdKU&Sd puf½HkwGif aygif;pyfwyfqifrI rsm; vkyfaqmif&ygonf/ xkwfvkyfa&;vkyfief;pOf\ “*D,m”onf puúefYem&Dwdkif; r&yfrem; vkyfaqmif vsuf&Sdaeygonf/ uGif;qufta&twGufaygif; &mESifh csDaom vkyfief;aqmifwmrsm;onf “em&D” uJhodkY wduspGm vnfywfvsuf&Sdonf/ xdkuJhodkY vkyfaqmif EdkifrSom wpfESpfvQif armfawmf,mOftpD;a&aygif; odef; ESifhcsD xkwfvkyfEdkifpGrf;&Sdonfh plygpuf½HkBuD;tjzpf &yf wnfEdkifaprnf jzpfygonf/ *vdkb,fvdkufaZ;&Sif;jzpfaeonfhtajctaersdK; wGif EdkifiHwum vkyftm;cGJa0jcif;ESifh ukefoG,frI tusdK; wlyl;aygif;aqmif&Gufjcif;onf wpfurÇmvHk;qdkif&m pD;yGm;a&;\ ta&;ygaom oauFwwpfckyif jzpfonf/ uGif;qufwpfckcsif;pD\ vkyfief;aqmifwmrsm;onf ydkí wdusNyD; tao;pdwfusvmonfESifhtrQ uGif;quf wpfckcsif;pD\ xkwfvkyfa&;ESifh yHhydk;rIonf ydkrdkuRrf;usif NyD; pkpnf;rI&Sdvmonf/“uGif;qufwpfck jywfawmuf” oGm;vQif uGif;qufBuD;wpfckvHk;twGuf tusdK;&v'f avsmhenf;jcif; jzpfapwwfonf/ vkyfief;&yfwefYoGm; onftxdvnf; jzpfapEdkifonf/ urÇmhxkwfvkyfa&; vkyfief;uGif;quf? axmufyHha&;uGif;qufwpfckvHk;\ vHkNcHKpdwfcs&rIrSm tvGef ta&;ygvSayonf/ w½kwfEdkifiHonf urÇmhpD;yGm;a&;tiftm; 'kwd, tBuD;qHk;EdkifiHESifh urÇmYtBuD;qHk; xkwfvkyfa&;EdkifiH jzpfonf/ 2021 ckESpfwGif w½kwfEdkifiH\ wpfESpfywf vHk; xkwfvkyfa&;vkyfief; xyfavmif;wefzdk;onf jynf wGif;ukefxkwfvkyfrI pkpkaygif;wefzdk;\ 27.4% &SdNyD; oGif;ukefydkYukef pkpkaygif;yrmPonf yxrqHk;tBudrf tar&duefa':vm 6 x&DvD,Hudk ausmfvGefcJhum urÇmh ukefoG,fa&; pkpkaygif;yrmP\ 20%udk ausmfvGefcJh onf/ w½kwfEdkifiHonf orm;½dk;usukefoG,fa&;ESifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIudk 'pf*spfw,fpepf toGiful;ajymif;atmif BudK;yrf;aqmif&GufaeNyD; 'pf*spfw,fukefoG,fa&; vkyfief; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wuf&ef tm;oGefcGefpdkuf aqmif&Guf aeonf/ udef;*Pef;rsm;t& w½kwfEdkifiHwGif e,fpyf jzwfausmf tD;-aumrufpf taxGaxGprf;oyfZkef 132 ck txd wdk;jr§ifhcJhNyD; tqdkygZkeftwGif;&Sd vkyfief;rsm;\ jynfy*dka'gif wnfaqmufrI 2000 ckausmftxd &Sdvm um aps;uGuf0,f,lrI ukefoG,fa&;pepfprf;oyfZkef vnf; 31 cktxd wdk;csJYcJhNyD jzpfonf/ urÇmhxkwfvkyf a&;uGif;quf? axmufyHha&;uGif;qufrsm; xda&mufpGm vnfywfEdkif&eftwGuf ta&;ygaom taxmuftyHh wpfcktaeESifh &yfwnfvmNyD jzpfonf/ ,ckvuf&Sdtcsdef urÇmhpD;yGm;a&;onf udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g? EdkifiHwumtajctaewdkY\ vTrf;rdk;rIrsm; aMumifh zdtm;rsm;pGmESifh &ifqdkifae&ygonf/ urÇmh pD;yGm;a&;tajctae jyefvnfjzpfxGef;vm&ef avQmuf vSrf;&rnfh vrf;aMumif;onf tcuftcJrsm;pGm &Sdae ygonf/ EdkifiHtoD;oD;rS jynfolvlxktm;vHk;onf at;twl yltrQjzifh tcuftcJrsm;udk twl&ifqdkifMu& rnf jzpfonf/ wHcg;zGifh0g'usifhoHk;jcif;onf ,aeY acwf w½kwfEdkifiH\ xif&Sm;aom trSwftom;wpfck yif jzpfayonf/ urÇmYxkwfvkyfa&;uGif;qufESifh axmufyHha&;uGif;quf vHkNcHKpdwfcsrIESifh wnfNidrfrIudk xdef;odrf;xm;jcif;onf w½kwfEdkifiH\ zGHYNzdK;wdk;wuf rIESifh wdkuf½dkufoufqdkifaeNyD; w½kwfEdkifiHu urÇmBuD; udk tusdK;jyKjcif;ESifh uwdu0wfay;jcif;vnf; jzpfay onf/ urÇmhukefoG,fa&;tzGJY(WTO) udk A[dkjyKaom bufaygif;pHk ukefoG,fa&;pepfudk axmufyHh&rnf/ urÇmYxkwfvkyfa&;uGif;qufESifh axmufyHha&;uGif;quf \ vHkNcHKpdwfcsrIESifh wnfNidrfrIudk xdef;odrf;&ygrnf/ tusdK;wl yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIudk ydkrdkBuD;xGm;vmatmif aqmif&GufNyD; zHGYNzdK;wdk;wufrI atmifoD;atmifESHrsm;jzifh EdkifiHtoD;oD;&Sd jynfolvlxktm; tusdK;jyKap&rnf/ --2022 ckESpf arv 18 &ufaeYwGif w½kwfEdkifiH EdkifiHwumukefoG,frIjr§ifhwifa&;aumfrwD zGJYpnf;jcif; ESpf 70 jynfh txdrf;trSwftpnf;ta0;ESifh urÇmhukef oG,fa&;ESifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIjr§ifhwifa&; xdyfoD;tpnf; ta0;ü w½kwfEdkifiH EdkifiHawmfor®w &SDusifhzdef ajymMum; onfh rdefYcGef; yHk 1 / &Sef[dkif;&ef&Srfa&eufqdyfurf;onf pepfwus vkyfief;vnfywfaeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 图① 上海洋山深水港有序运转 CFP 图 yHk 2/ “The Belt and Road”qdkif&m axmufyHh a&;uGif;quf tajcpdkufpcef;(vsdef,Gifqdyf urf;)pDrHudef;qdkif&m trSwf 1 *dka'gifudk awGY&pOf/ 图② “一带一路”供应链基地(连 云港)项目一号库 中新社 图 yHk 3/ &SefpD;armfawmf,mOf OD;ydkiftkyfpk ukrÜPDvDrdwuf\ taxGaxGwyfqifrI pufcef;udk awGY&pOf/ 图③ 陕西汽车控股集团有限公司总 装车间 新华社 图 ① ② ③ 10 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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axmufyHha&;uGif;quf (Supply chain)onf xkwfvkyfa&;vkyfief;pOfESifh pD;qif;rIvkyfief;pOftwGif; ukefypönf; odkYr[kwf 0efaqmifrIyHhydk;ay;jcif;ESifh oufqdkifygonf/ aemufqHk;toHk;jyKol\ txuf odkYr[kwf atmufbuf&Sd vkyfief; rsm;ESifh csdwfqufaeaom uGef&ufuGif;qufzGJYpnf;yHkjzpfonf/ axmufyHha&;uGif;quf\ ta&;ygaom taMumif;t&mBuD;av;&yf &Sdonf/ qHkrSwfvkyfief;/ / qHkrSwfvkyfief;tzGJY wpfckESifh wpfcktMum;onf vdktyfrIESifh axmufyHhrI qufqHa&; jzpfygonf/ ukefypönf;o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;/ / ukef ypönf;rsm; ae&mESifhtcsdeft& a&TUajymif;jcif; jzpfonf/ owif;tcsuftvufpD;qif;jcif;/ / owif;tcsuftvuftm;vHk; \ pD;qif;rIvkyfief;pOf jzpfonf/ aiGaMu;pD;qif;rI/ / aiGxkwfcGifhay;pm? aiGvTJvufrSwf? vufiif;aiGom;ponfh aiGaMu; yHkpHrsdK;pHkwdkY ta&mif;t0,fvkyfaqmifonfh u@wpfckpDwdkif;wGif vnfywfrIudk qdkvdkygonf/ 生产企业构成树根 独家代理商 分销商 最终用户 axmufyHha&;uGif;quf[lonf tb,fenf; 什么是供应链 CFP 图 aemufqHk;toHk;jyKolrsm; jzefYcsda&;udk,fpm;vS,f wpfOD;wnf;udk,fpm;vS,f ukefxkwfvkyfa&;vkyfief;rsm;onf opfjrpfyHkpH zGJYpnf;wnfaxmif 11 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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w½kwfEdkifiH armfawmf,mOfxkwfvkyfa&;vkyfief; axmufyHha&; uGif;qufudk ykHrsm;jzifh azmfjyjcif; 图解:中国汽车产业供应链条 宁德时代 (电池) 采埃孚 (变速箱) 福耀玻璃 (汽车玻璃) 米其林 (轮胎) 英飞凌 CFP 图(芯片) xkwfvkyfa&;tajcpdkufpcef;rsm;onf t"dutm;jzifh ta&SYydkif;&Sd &Sef[dkif;? awmifydkif;&Sd uGrfusdK;? ta&SUajrmufydkif;&Sd pdef&efponfha'orsm;wGif wnf&Sdonf/ armfawmf,mOfwpfpD;onf tpdwftydkif; 1000 ausmf jzifh zGJYpnf;xm;onf/ w½kwfEdkifiH wpfEdkifiHvHk;omrubJ wpfurÇmvHk;wGif ysHUESHYaom a'otoD;oD;rS tqifh 1 axmuf yHholpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; 200 ausmfrS xkwfvkyfjcif;ESifh aygif; pnf;xm;jcif; jzpfonf/ 2021 ckESpfwGif w½kwfEdkifiHü armfawmf ,mOftpD;a& 26.528 oef; xkwfvkyfEdkifcJh ygonf/ 设计 武瑞 CATL (bufx&D) ZF (*D,mabmfpf) Fuyao zefom; (armfawmf,mOfrSef) Michelin (wm,m) Infineon (cspfyfjym;) 12 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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HBIS GROUP pDurf;ZkefopfwGif wpfvMum pwifvnfywftoHk;jyKaeNyDjzpfaom prwf*dka'gif taMumif;udk tqdkygukrÜPD\ pufud&d,mpGrf;tif pifwmtulXmerS XmerSL; usrf,HkuRrfu ,ckvdk csD;rGrf; cJhygonf/ “ 'Dprwfo,f,lydkYaqmifa&;*dka'gif[m uRefawmfwdkYudk tHhtm;oifhapcJhw,f/ *dka'gif&JU tvdk tavsmufpepfeJY prwfpepfu vlYtiftm;eJY ukefus p&dwfawGudk xda&mufpGm avQmhcsay;EkdifNyD; ukefypönf; awG ysufpD;jcif;? qHk;½HI;jcif;awGudkvnf; umuG,fay; Edkifw,f/ 'ghtjyif tvdktavsmuf a&wGufjcif; vkyf aqmifEdkifjcif;eJY rSm;,Gif;rIjzpfjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfEdkifw,f/ prwfo,f,lydkYaqmifa&;*dka'gif 智能运输仓储 yHk 1/ Noblelift Intelligent Equipment Co., Ltd onf w½kwfEdkifiHtwGif; u@pHk prwftwGif;ydkif; ukefpnfo,f,lydkYaqmifa&;pepf axmufyHha&; tzGJY jzpfygonf/ yHkwGif azmfjyonfrSm puf½Hk\ twGif;ydkif;jrifuGif; jzpfygonf/ 图① 诺力智能装备股份有限公司是中国全领域智能内部物流 系统提供商。图为工厂内景 CFP 图 yHk 2/ 0l[lNrdKU &GrfcsdKifprwfodyHÜESifhenf;ynmukrÜPDvDrdwufwGif 0efxrf; rsm;u ukefpnfrsm;udk prwftrsKd;tpm;cGJpufudk prf;oyftoHk;jyKaepOf/ 图② 在芜湖市双彩智能科技有限公司,工作人员对一款物流 智能分拣设备进行测试 新华社 图 yHk 3/ csHKcsifh azvDwm axmufyHha&;pDrHcefYcGJrIukrÜPDvDrdwufydkif tvdk tavsmuf*dka'giftwGif; pufrIvkyfief;puf½kyfrsm;onf ukefwifpifwGif tvsiftjref ukefwifukefcs jyKvkyfaeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 图③ 在重庆飞力达供应链管理有限公司的自动化立体仓库内, 数台工业机器人在货架上快速取放货物 新华社 图① ②③ 13 吉祥阅读 “r*Fvm ”zwfrSwfp&m
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pef;wHk;jynfe,f csifawmifNrdKY&Sd Haosail puf,EÅ&m; ukrÜPDvDrdwuf(Qingdao Haosail Machinery Co., Ltd )onf tao;pm;? tvwfpm; aqmufvkyfa&; puf ,EÅ&m;rsm;? armfawmf,mOfjyKjyifa&;puf ud&d,mrsm;? ukrÜPD&JU *dka'gifxm;odkrIpGrf;&nfeJY pDrHcefYcGJrIpGrf;&nf udk trsm;BuD; wdk;jr§ifhapygw,f/” prwf*dka'gifwGif ukefypönf;xm;&mae&maygif; 10032 ck &Sdonf/ ukef ypönf;xm;&mae&m wpfckpDwGif tav;csdef 1 wefxuf rydkaom? t&m0w¦Kt&Snf 1.1 rDwm xufr&Snfaom ukefypönf;rsm;udk xm;odkEkdifygonf/ prwfpepf\ xdef;csKyfrIatmufwGif ukefwifpif rsm;? ypönf;trsdK;tpm;cJGjcm;pufud&d,mrsm;? jzwfoef; ,mOfrsm;? tvdktavsmuf o,f,lydkYaqmifa&; puf ud&d,mrsm;? vrf;aMumay:wGif ypönf;rsm;qifhyHkjcif; pufud&d,mrsm; ponfhpufud&d,mrsm;onf vkyfief;rsm; udk vsifjrefwduspGm aqmif&GufEdkifonf/“ ‘tifwmeuf+’ rS ‘prwfpepf+’ txd rSwfom;rItm; ydkrdkaumif;rGef aom pufud&d,mrsm;ESifh ÓPf&nfydkrdkjrifhrm;aom uGef&ufwdkYonf xkwfvkyfa&;vkyfief;rsm;udk tvdk tavsmufpepfESifh prwfpepfodkY tqifhjr§ifhwifay;Edkif NyD; ukrÜPD\ wnfNidrfvsifjrefpGm vnfywfEdkifrItwGuf tm;aumif;aom tmrcHcsufudk ay;Ekdifonf” [k puf ud&d,mpGrf;tifpifwm 0efxrf;jzpfol ausmufausmfrS vkyfief;aqmifwmrsm;udk rdwfqufay;ygonf/ yifv,f&yfjcm;*dka'gif 海外仓 0efxrf;wpfa,mufu pydefEdkifiH? uGmwmvm[mvmNrdKUrS Cainiao Network yifv,f&yfjcm;*dka'gifwGif tvkyfvkyfaeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 工作人员在西班牙瓜达拉哈拉市的菜鸟网络海外仓中工作 新华社 图 14 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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axmufyHha&;uGif;qufudk 'pf*spfw,fpepfodkY toGif ajymif;jcif;onf tifwmeuf? Internet of things , Big data , Artificial Intelligence ponfh acwfopf owif;tcsuftvuf enf;ynmrsm;ESifh acwfrDpDrH cefYcGJrIenf;vrf;rsm;udk tajccHNyD; axmufyHha&;uGif;quf wpfckvHk;udk pDrHcefYcGJ 'DZdkif;a&;qGJjcif;ESifh vnfywfap jcif; jzpfonf/ 'pf*spfw,fpepf axmufyHha&;uGif;quf onf 'pf*spfw,fpepfjzifh axmufyHha&;uGif;quf\ t&SdefESifh vkyfaqmifcsufudk jr§ifhwifay;jcif; jzpfonf/ ukefypönf;'DZkdif;zefwD;jcif;? 0,f,ljcif;? xkwfvkyfjcif;? a&mif;csjcif;? 0efaqmifrIay;jcif; ponfhvkyfief;pOfrsm; xda&mufpGm tjyeftvSef csdwfqufaqmif&Gufaom? jrefqefpGm wkefYjyefaom? oGufvufNyD; wdusaom tvdktavsmuf prwfjzpfapaom a*[pepfwpfckudk wnfaqmufEdkif&ef &nf&G,fonf/ axmufyHha&;uGif;quf \ tem*wf zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrlOD;wnfcsuf jzpfonf/ om"utaeESifhqdk&aomf axmufyHha&;uGif;quf \ BuHhcdkifrIpGrf;&nfudk jr§ifhwifjcif;onf yHhydk;rI? xkwf vkyfrI? o,f,lydkYaqmifrI ponfhaxmufyHha&;uGif;quf wpfckvHk;\ tjyeftvSef csdwfqufaqmif&GufEdkifrI pGrf;&nfudk jr§ifhwifay;jcif; jzpfonf/ 'pf*spfw,fpepf ud&d,mrsm;onf tqdkygtjyeftvSefcsdwfqufaqmif opfvkyfief;oHk;puf,EÅ&m;rsm; ponfhypönf;rsm;twGuf xkwfvkyfa&;0efaqmifrIrsm; axmufyHhay;ygonf/ 2018 ckESpfrSpwifNyD; yifv,f&yfjcm;*dka'gif wnf aqmufa&;vkyfief;rsm;udk tm;pdkufaqmif&GufcJh&m ,ckvuf&SdtcsdefwGif rdkZrfbpf? tm&yfapmfbGm;rsm; jynfaxmifpk? pifumylESifh ydkvefponfh EdkifiHtoD;oD; wGif yifv,f&yfjcm;*dka'gifrsm; wnfaqmufNyDjzpfum 'pf*spfw,fpepfjzifh Haosail cloud pepfudk wnfaqmuf xm;ygonf/ ukefypönf;o,f,lydkYaqmifrIpGrf;&nfESifh ukefydkYpGrf;&nfudk jr§ifhwifjcif;jzifh yifv,f&yfjcm; *dka'gif\ vnfywfrIqdkif&mzdtm;rsm;udk aumif;pGm avQmhcsEdkifonf/ udkApf-19 uyfa&m*gjzpfyGm;rIaMumifh NyD;cJhonfh 2 ESpftwGif; a&aMumif;o,f,lydkYaqmifa&; p&dwf 5 qrS 10 qtxd wdk;jr§ifhoGm;aomfvnf; ukrÜPD \ ta&mif;0ifaiGonf 100% wdk;jr§ifhrIudk taumif txnfazmfaqmifEkdifcJhygonf/ Haosail puf,EÅ&m;omru udkApf-19 uyf a&m*gtajctaeatmufwGif yifv,f&yfjcm;*dka'gif rsm;\ tm;omcsufrsm; xifomjrifom&SdcJhNyD; ,cif uwnf;u BudKwifjyifqifaqmif&Gufaeonfh vkyfief; rsm;tm;vHk; tusdK;tjrwfrsm; cHpm;&&SdcJhygonf/ 2013 ckESpfwGif w½kwfEdkifiH tBuD;pm;tDvufxa&mepf owif;tcsuftvufvkyfief;ukrÜPD Hisense Group onf awmiftmz&duwGif w½kwf-tmz&du&efyHkaiGESifh Hisense pufrIZkefudk twlwuG &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHcJhonf/ tvm;tvmaumif;rGefaom ta&SUtv,fydkif; tmz&du aps;uGufwGif Hisense onf 10 ESpftwGif; aygif;pyf BuD;xGm;EIef; 25.9% &Sdaom aps;uGuftajzvTmudk wifjyay;EdkifcJhonf/ atmifjrifrIaomhcsuftaMumif; udk oHk;oyfygu Hisense rS yifv,f&yfjcm;*dka'gifrsm; udk BudKwifwnfaqmufjcif;ESifh qufpyfaeonf[k Hisense Group axmufyHha&;uGif;quf pDrHcefYcGJrI Xme yifv,f&yfjcm; *dka'gifpDrHcefYcGJrI refae*sm vDaqmufusifu oHk;oyfygonf/ 2019 ckESpfwGif Hisense ESifh SITC wdkYonf awmiftmz&du o,f ,lydkYaqmifa&;zufpyfukrÜPDudk wnfaxmifcJhonf/ *dka'gifpDrHcefYcGJa&;? yifro,f,lydkYaqmifa&;? NrdKUwGif; tdrfta&mufydkYaqmifa&;? e,fpyfjzwfausmfukefpnfydkY aqmifa&;? a&aMumif;o,f,lydkYaqmifa&; ponfho,f,l ydkYaqmifa&;0efaqmifrI 5 &yfudk vkyfaqmifygonf/ ,ckvuf&Sd tcsdefwGif Hisense u awmiftmz&duwGif Johannesburg ESifh Cape Town ü ukefpnf*dka'gifESifh o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;pifwmBuD; 2 ck zGifhvSpfxm;NyDjzpf onf/ pwk&ef;rDwm 1 odef;ausmfcefY&Sdonfh ukefpnf *dka'gifvkyfief;ae&m wnfaqmufxm;&m tajccHtm;jzifh a'owGif; vdktyfcsufrsm;udk jznfhqnf;ay;Edkifonf/ axmufyHha&;uGif;quf 'pf*spfw,fpepfodkY toGifajymif;jcif; 供应链数字化 15 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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&GufEdkifrIpGrf;&nfudk jr§ifhwifay;EdkifNyD; jzpfEdkifacsudk wdk;jr§ifhay;onf/ 'pf*spfw,fpepfBuD;rm;onfhaemufcH atmufwGif pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;pGm\ a&mif;tm; tav;ay;csufonf tGefvdkif;ay:odkY ajymif;a&TUvmMu onf/ yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;wpfa,mufcsif;pD\ atmf'gtwGuf axmufyHha&;uGif;qufwpfckvHk;\ wkefYjyefrIpGrf;&nf? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;\ csufcsif;wkefYjyefrI? trsdK; tpm;cGJjcm;rIpGrf;&nf? wduspGm trsdK;tpm;cGJjcm;jcif; ponfhpGrf;aqmif&nfrsm; ydkrdkjrifhrm;&ef vdktyfayonf/ xdkYaMumifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;onf o,f,lydkY aqmifa&;tvdktavsmufpepfESifh aygif;pyfajz&Sif;rI enf;vrf;rsm;udk &SmazGvmMuygonf/ trsKd;tpm; cJGjcm; o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;ESifh pDrHcefYcGJrIpepfrsm;udk n§dEdIif;aqmif&Gufonf/ ae&mwpfckwnf;twGif;wGif B To B vkyfief;&SifxH ydkYaqmifjcif;ESifh B To C oHk;pGJ olxH ydkYaqmifjcif;vkyfief;udk wpfNydKifwnf;ajz&Sif;&ef BudK;pm;Muonf/ axmufyHha&;uGif;quf\ toGiful; ajymif;jcif;onfvnf; aps;uGufESifh csdwfqufvmNyDjzpf onf/ Oyrm Meituan ESifh JD.com (tD;-aumrufpf yvufazmif;)wdkYonf armif;olrJh,mOfjzifh txdtawGY rJhydkYaqmifjcif;vkyfief;udk prf;oyfaqmif&GufvmMu onf/ o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;vkyfief;\ tvdktavsmuf pepfESifh vlrJhpepfonf vsifjrefpGmzHGYNzdK;wdk;wufrI tvm; tvmudk jzpfaponf/ 'pf*spfw,fyvufazmif;onf Big data, Cloud computing, Virtual Reality(VR) ponfh acwfopf'pf*spfw,fenf;ynmrsm;jzifh axmuf yHha&;uGif;qufwpfckvHk;\ vkyfief;pOf toD;oD;twGuf udef;*Pef;rsm;udk pkpnf;xm;ygonf/ tao;pm;ESifh tvwfpm;vkyfief;rsm;\ prwfaqmif&GufrIpGrf;&nf? pdwfwdkif;usaqmif&GufrIpGrf;&nf ponfh xkwfvkyfrIpGrf; &nfrsm;udk rsm;pGm jr§ifhwifay;Ekdifygonf/ r*¾Zif;taxGaxGaqmif;yg; 本刊综合 yHk 1/ Jingdong tm&StrSwf 1 ukef pnf o,f,lydkYaqmifodkavSmifa&;Zkef udk awGY&pOf/ 图① 京东亚洲一号北京物流园 中新社 图 yHk 2/ Jingdong plygrm;uwfrS armif;ol rJh,mOfonf ukefpnfrsm; o,f,lydkY aqmifaeonfudk awGY&pOf/ 图② 京东超市的无人配送车正 在送货 中新社 图 ① ② 16 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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axmufyHha&;uGif;quf wnfNidrfrIudk xdef;odrf;umuG,f&ef olwdkYwpfawG\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; 维护供应链稳定,他们这样做 新冠肺炎疫情的暴发与全球蔓延,令 制造业供应链被迫经历了空前压力,也让 业界反思要用什么方式应对各类突发情况。 udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g jzpfyGm;rIESifh wpfurÇmvkH;qdkif&m ysHYESHYrIonf ukef xkwfvkyfief;\ axmufyHha&;uGif;quftm; rBuHKpzl;aom zdtm;rsm;udk rvTJra&Smifom awGYBuHKcJh&NyD; ta&;ay:tajctaetrsdK;rsdK;udk rnfuJhodkY wHkY jyef&rnfudkvnf; oufqdkif&me,fy,ftm; jyefvnfawG;awmvmaponf/ COSCO SHIPPING Lines rS o,f,lydkYaqmif a&;oabFmu &Sef[dkif;&ef&Srfqdyfurf; trSwf 2 vkyfief;pDrHudef;qdkif&m oabFm qdyfwGif qdkufuyfaepOf/ 中远海运轮船停泊在上海洋山港二 期码头 新华社 图 udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g jzpfyGm;rIESifh wpfurÇmvkH; qdkif&m ysHYESHYrIonf ukefxkwfvkyfief;\ axmufyHha&;uGif; quftm; rBuHKpzl;aom zdtm;rsm;udk rvTJra&Smifom awGYBuHKcJh&NyD; ta&;ay:tajctaetrsdK;rsdK;udk rnfuJh odkY wHkYjyef&rnfudkvnf; oufqdkif&me,fy,ftm; jyef vnfawG;awmvmapygonf/ þvkyfief;pOftwGif; w½kwfEdkifiH&Sd jynfwGif; pD;yGm; a&;tBuD;pm;vkyfief;tzGJYrsm;ESifh w½kwfEdkifiH&Sd EdkifiHjcm; tBuD;pm;vkyfief;tzGJYrsm;onf udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g jzpfyGm;aecsdefwGif axmufyHha&;uGif;quf tmrcHcsuf&Sd apjcif;ESifh uyfa&m*gtvGef vkyfief;jyefvnfpwifjcif; wdkYwGif odomxif&Sm;aom csdefnd§Edkifjcif;udk jyoEdkifcJh onf/ urÇmvkH;qdkif&m axmufyHha&;uGif;quf\ tjyef tvSef tultnDay;a&;csdwfqufrIrSwpfqifh udkApf-19 uyfa&m*gaMumifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;tzGJYrsm;tay: xd cdkufrIrsm;udk wwfEdkiforQ avQmhcs½kHomru w½kwf EdkifiH a'oEÅ&tpdk;&rsm;\ nd§EIdif;rIjzifh a'owGif;rS axmufyHholrsm; vsifjrefpGm jyefvnfOD;armhvm&eftwGuf vnf; wGef;tm;ay;cJhygonf/ 17 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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rMumao;rDu COSCO SHIPPING Lines ukrÜPDvDrdwuf vufatmuf&Sd &Sef[dkif; COSCO SHIPPING Lines ESifh eifayg COSCO SHIPPING Lines wdkY yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufí photovoltaic vkyfief; udk vkyfudkifaom azmufonfwpfOD;twGuf w½kwfEdkifiH ta&SUydkif;a'owGif yxrqkH;tBudrf qdyfurf;jzwfausmf aygif;pyfwifydkYjcif;vkyfief;udk atmifjrifpGm vkyfaqmif ay;cJhonf/ tqdkygazmufonf\ ukefypönf;wifydkY&ef ta&;ay:tajctaeudk ajz&Sif;ay;onf/ Photovoltaic azmufonf\ ukefpnfwifydkYrItajcpdkufpcef;rsm;onf usef;pl;jynfe,f xdkif;usdK;NrdKU? tef;a[G;jynfe,f csdKusdK; NrdKUESifh usJYusef;jynfe,f usm;&Sif;NrdKYESifh csDusdK;NrdKU ponfh a'o 4 ck wdkYwGif wnf&SdNyD; axmufyHholrS azmufonf xHodkY aygif;pyfwifydkYjcif; 0efaqmifrIudk COSCO SHIPPING Lines ukrÜPDu wm0ef,lvkyfaqmif aMumif;? tajcpdkufpcef;rsm;\ pcef;cGJrsm;ESifh xkwfvkyf rIpGrf;&nftajctaet& ukefypönf;rsm;\ 98% ausmf udk &Sef[dkif;qdyfurf;rSwpfqifh wifydkYvsuf&SdaMumif; od&ygonf/ rwfv vukefrSpí udkApf-19 uyfa&m*gaMumifh ¤if;azmufonfu wifydkY&mwGif BuD;rm;aom tcuftcJ rsm;ESifh BuHKawGYcJh&onf/ &Sef[dkif; COSCO SHIPPING Lines rS 0l&SD0efaqmifrItzGJYonf tqdkygtajctaeudk od&SdNyD;aemuf azmufonftwGuf a'ojzwfausmf wifydkY rIykHpHudk csufcsif; a&;qGJcJhygonf/ usJYusef;jynfe,f usm;&Sif;NrdKYrS xGufNyD; ukef;vrf;rS a&vrf;odkY ajymif; vJum uszlNrdKUe,fwGif oabFmjzifh ukefo,fjcif;ykHpH jzifh ajz&Sif;um csDusdK;NrdKUrSmrl eifaygqdyfurf;\ wdkuf ½dkufxkwf,lrIykHpHjzifh ukefwifydkYcJhygonf/ tef;a[G; jynfe,f csdKusdK;NrdKYonf eefusif;a&aMumif;ESifh &xm; ydkYaqmifa&;vrf;aMumif;ykHpHjzifh wifydkYonf/ vrf;aMumif; ajymif;vJNyD;aemuf usef;pl;jynfe,f xdkif;usdK;NrdKU&Sd tajcpdkufpcef;rSvGJNyD; tjcm;aom tajcpdkufpcef;rsm; \ ukefwifydkYrIrsm;udk trsm;tm;jzifh tmrcHEdkifaMumif; od&ygonf/ xdkif;usdK;NrdKUonf ¤if;azmufonf\ xkwfvkyfrI pGrf;&nf trsm;qHk;ESifh ukefpnfwifydkYrI trsm;qkH;aom tajcpdkufpcef; jzpfaomfvnf; udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g aMumifh azmufonf\ *dka'gifrsm;onf xkwfukefrsm; odrf;qnf;&ef ae&mr&Sdaom zdtm;udk &ifqdkifcJh&yg onf/ þtajctaeudk &ifqdkif&eftwGuf 0l&SD0efaqmif rItzGJYonf ,cifu tvkyf\ tawGYtBuHKrsm;t& eifayg qdyfurf;odkY aygif;pyfwifydkY wdkuf½dkufxkwf,laom ykHpHjzifh zdtm;rsm;udk xda&mufpGm oufomapcJhNyD; COSCO SHIPPING Lines ukrÜPD½Hk;csKyf\ tul tnDjzifh &Sef[dkif;ESifh eifaygwdkYwGif vkyfief;tzGJYrsm; OD;aqmifzGJYpnf;cJhum qdyfurf;jzwfausmfvkyfief;rsm;udk tpGrf;ukef nd§EdIif;aqmif&Gufay;cJhonf/ aemufqkH;wGif buftoD;oD;onf tcuftcJrsm;udk ausmfvTm;NyD; azmufonftm; ulnDí a&mhwm'rfodkY 60x40hq qdyf urf; jzwfausmf aygif;pyfwifydkYrI oabFmukefwifae&m pm&if;oGif;jcif;udk NyD;ajrmufcJhygonf/ þydkYukefrsm; onf COSCO SHIPPING Lines ukrÜPDu w½kwf EdkifiHta&SUydkif;a'owGif yxrqkH;tBudrf qdyfurf; jzwfausmfum aygif;pyfwifydkYrIykHpHjzifh oabFmukefwif ae&mpm&if;oGif;jcif; jzpfajrmufcJh½kHomru tjcm;aom azmufonfrsm;twGufvnf; þykHpHudk tokH;jyKí tqifajyacsmarGYpGm wifydkYEdkif&ef twm;tqD;rsm;udk &Sif;vif;ay;EdkifcJhygonf/ rnfodkYyifjzpfap oifhukefypönf;rsm;udk OD;wnf&modkY ulnDydkYaqmifay;cJh 无论如何帮你运到 yHk 1/ xsef;usif;qdyfurf;wGif 2021 ckESpfrS trSwfpOf oef; 20 ajrmuf uGefwdefemudk COSCO SHIPPING Lines rS“xsef;&SdefY[dk”oabFmay:odkY wifae onfudk awGY&pOf/ 图① 天津港 2021 年第 2000 万 标准箱被吊装至中远海运“天盛 河”号轮船 新华社 图 yHk 2/ Schneider Electric ayusif;puf½Hk/ 图② 施耐德电气北京工厂 CFP 图 ① 18 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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w½kwfEdkifiHonf vuf&SdtcsdefwGif jyifopfEdkifiH pufrIvkyfief;BuD; Schneider Electric \ urÇmvkH; qdkif&m 'kwd,tBuD;qHk;aps;uGuf jzpfonf/ Schneider Electric \ urÇmvkH;qdkif&m axmufyHha&;uGif;quf rsm;onf EdkifiHtrsm;tjym;wGif puf½Hkaygif; 200 ½Hk ESifh ukefpnfydkYaqmifa&;pifwm 98 ckudk vTrf;NcHKxm; NyD; 0efxrf;aygif; 135000 ausmf&Sdonf/ wpfaeYvQif pDrHcefYcGJrI 290000 ausmfudk vkyfaqmifí rSm,lrI 150000 ausmfudk vkyfaqmifcJhNyD; ¤if;teuf w½kwf EdkifiH&Sd puf½kH 23 ½kHESifh ukefpnfydkYaqmifa&;pifwm 8 ck yg0ifcJhonf/ Schneider Electric \ tBuD;wef; 'kwd,Ouú|? urÇmvkH;qdkif&m axmufyHha&;uGif;quf rsm;\ w½kwfEdkifiHwm0efcH usef;cdkif;zkef\ ajymMum; csuft& udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g jzpfyGm;onfh tapmydkif; wGif axmufyHha&;uGif;qufrsm;onf acwå&yfqdkif;ae cJhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; w½kwfEdkifiH jynfwGif;wGif uyfa&m*gudk xdef;csKyfEdkifcJhNyD;aemuf w½kwfEdkifiH&Sd Schneider Electric puf½kHonf EdkifiH&yfjcm; xkwf acwå&yfqdkif;jcif;rS vsifjrefpGm tjynfht0 xkwfvkyfEdkifjcif;odkY ajymif;vJ 从“休克”到快速满产 ukefpGrf;&nf rvkHavmufaom a'orsm;wGif xkwfvkyf rIwm0efudk vsifjrefpGm jznfhqnf;ay;um ydkYukefpGrf; tm; wdk;jr§ifhcJhygonf/ 0l[efpuf½kHjzifh om"uaqmif &vQif vkyfief; w&m;0if jyefvnfpwifNyD;aemuf wpfvtwGif; xkwfvkyfrIpGrf;&nf 100% odkY a&muf&Sd cJhNyD; aemufydkif;wGif ,cifu tjrifhrm;qkH; xkwfvkyfrI pGrf;&nf 130% odkY a&muf&SdcJhaMumif; od&ygonf/ “tpdk;&u uRefawmfwdkY&JU t"du tcuftcJBuHK awGYwJh axmufyHholawGtwGuf jynfe,f? NrdKUjy? a'o awGudk jzwfausmfum nd§EIdif;ay;cJhygw,f/ 'gaMumifh axmufyHhol axmifaygif;rsm;pGm&JU vkyfief;jyefvnf pwifwmeJY tjrifhrm;qkH; xkwfvkyfrIpGrf;&nfudk a&muf &Sdwm[m aps;uGufwpfckvHk;xuf 3 ywfrS 4 ywf avmuf apmoGm;ygw,f”[k usef;cdkif;zkefu ajymMum; ygonf/ r*¾Zif;taxGaxGaqmif;yg; 本刊综合 ② 19 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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pmtkyfrsm;ESihfjynfhvQHNyD; pdwfat;csrf;om,mum aEG;axG;vsuf&Sd 书店是重要的文化消费场所和 文化服务空间。曾经,书店是购买 书籍最好的去处,吸引着不同需求 的读者,为城市提供传播文化和交 流思想的平台。近年来,随着电子 阅读兴起、市场需求变化,实体书 店面临许多新的问题和挑战,疫情 也给各地实体书店的经营带来不同 程度的影响。如何迎难而变?许多 实体书店选择探索“书店 +”的路径, 加入体验,增加业态,创新服务。 ① 20 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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书仓充盈 心灵安暖 pmtkyfqdkifrsm;onf ta&;ygaom ,Ofaus;rIqdkif &m pm;okH;&mae&mrsm; jzpfouJhodkY ,Ofaus;rI0efaqmif rIae&mrsm;vnf; jzpfygonf/ ,cifu pmtkyfqdkifrsm; onf pmtkyfrsm;0,f,l&ef taumif;qkH;ae&m jzpfcJhNyD; rwlnDaom vdktyfcsufrsm;&Sdonfh pmzwfy&dowfrsm; tm; qGJaqmifum NrdKYjyrsm;twGuf ,Ofaus;rIjyefYyGm; &efESifh tBuHÓPfrsm;zvS,f&ef yvufazmif;wpfckudk yHhydk;ay;cJhonf/ rMumao;rDESpfrsm;twGif; e-reading \ xGef;um;vmrIESifh aps;uGufvdktyfcsuf\ tajymif; tvJESifhtwl atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkifrsm;onf tusyf twnf;topfrsm;ESifh pdefac:rItopfrsm;udk rsm;pGm &ifqdkifae&ouJhodkYyif udkApf-19 uyfa&m*gonf ae&mtESHY&Sd atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkifrsm;\ vkyfief;vnf ywfrIudk tenf;ESifhtrsm; xdcdkufcJhygonf/ tcuftcJ rsm;udk &ifqdkifNyD; rnfuJhodkYaom ajymif;vJrI jyKvkyf& rnfenf;/ atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkiftajrmuftrsm;onf vkyfief;vnfywfrIyHkpHESifh tajctaeudk jr§ifhwif&ef twGuf 0efaqmifrIyHkpHrsm;udk qef;opfwDxGifum “pmtkyfqdkif+”qdkaom vrf;aMumif;udk pl;prf;avhvm &ef a&G;cs,fcJhygonf/ yHk 1/ pD;tef;rdkif;cfpifwmrS “&defMunf,Hk” pmtkyfqdkif/ 图① 西安迈科中心的“言几又”书店 CFP 图 yHk 2/ auGYusL;jynfe,f auGY&rfNrdKUrS usHK&SLaumf pmtkyfqdkifudk awGY&pOf/ 图② 贵州省贵阳市钟书阁书店 CFP 图 yHk 3/ pmtkyfqdkif+ aumfzDqdkif/ 图③ 书店+咖啡馆 CFP 图 ②③ 21 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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pmtkyfqdkif + ordkif;0if,Ofaus;rItaqmuftOD;rsm; 书店 + 历史文化建筑 Mobil Corporation wnfae&monf [leef jynfe,f csef&Sm;NrdKU ,Ofaus;rItarGtESpf umuG,f apmifha&Smufa&;Xmewpfck jzpfygonf/ ¤if;udk 1924 ckESpfwGif wnfaqmufchJNyD; tar&duefpwdkifus ESpfxyf taqmuftOD; jzpfygonf/ Xiangjiang jrpfonf csef&Sm;NrdKUjyae&mudk jzwfoef;í NrdKUjytwGif;&Sd Xiangjiang jrpftv,fwGif uRef;i,fav;wpfuRef;&SdNyD; trnf ausmfMum;aom Orange Island jzpfygonf/ Mobil Corporation onf þae&mwGifom wnf&Sdaeonf/ ordkif;0ifc&D;pOfudk jzwfoef;NyD;rS þESpfaygif; 100 eD;yg; oufwrf;&Sdaom a&S;a[mif;taqmuftOD;onf Orange Island ywf0ef;usif\ tajymif;tvJBuD;rsm; udk oufaojyKouJhodkY csef&Sm;NrdKUjy\ wpfaeYwjcm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrIudk rsufjrifudk,fawGYjzpfcJhygonf/ ,ck ESpf Zefe0g&DvwGif tqdkyga&S;a[mif;taqmuftOD; onf ta&;ygNyD; vuf&majrmufaom pmtkyfpmayrsm; udk t"du jzefYcsda&mif;csum “aumfzD + salon +,Ofaus; rIwDxGifzefwD;rIvuf&m + tEkynm”rsm; wGJzufxm; aom xl;jcm;csuf0daoovu©Pm&Sd pmtkyfqdkiftjzpf ajymif;vJvmcJhonf/ “Mobil Corporation taqmuftOD;&JU acwf a[mif;tjyifyef;yHkoP²mefudk awGYjrifwJhtcgrSm oifh pdwfxJrSm twGif;ae&meJY tjyifbufwdkY[m aygif;pnf; rI &SdEdkifr,fvdkY arQmfrSef;Edkifvdrfhr,f/ 'gayr,fh uREkfyf wdkY[m qefYusifbuf'DZdkif;wpfrsKd;udk qGJvdkufygawmh w,f/ twGif;udk 0ifvmcsif; rsufarSmufacwfyHkpHudk oifu vHk;0 cHpm;Edkifvdrfhr,f/ ordkif;eJY rsufarSmuf acwfwdkY ul;vl;qufqHwJh jrifuGif;rSm a&muf&Sdaeovdk cHpm;&ygr,f”[k Lezhi pmtkyfqdkif\ Orange Island qdkifcGJ\ 'DZdkif;emcsKyf zkefZDac:u ajymjyonf/ pmtkyf qdkif\ 'DZdkif;wGif nDrQrIESifh uGm[rIudk tBuD;rm;qHk; tHhtm;oifhapEdkifrnf jzpfonf[k olu qufvufajym jyygonf/ ,aeYacwfwGif pmtkyfqdkifrsm;onf pmtkyfrsm; 0,f,l&ef ae&mrsm;om r[kwfawmhbJ trsdK;tpm; pkHvifaom ,Ofaus;rIae&mrsm;tjzpf ajymif;vJoGm; onf/ Lezhi pmtkyfqdkif\ Orange Island qdkifcGJrsm; onfvnf; þuJhodkY tqifhjr§ifhwifajymif;vJvmonf/ pmtkyfqdkif\ aeYpOfvnfywfrIrSm “pmtkyfrsm;” udk tajccHí vkyfief;vnfywfrIykHpHESifh tajctae NyD;jynfhpkH apNyD; aygrsm;<u,f0aom xkwfukefypönf;rsm;ESifh 0ef aqmifrIrsm;vnf; yg0ifonf/ pmtkyfrsm;? ,Ofaus;rI wDxGifzefwD;rIvuf&mrsm;? aumfzDESifh ½dk;&Sif;aom tpm; taomufrsm;? ,Ofaus;rIqdkif&m salon rsm;? wDxGif zefwD;rIESifh wDxGifzefwD;olrsm;? tEkynmudk tuJjzwf jcif;? rdbESifh uav;rsm; pmzwfjcif;pojzifh t"du tusHK;0ifonf/ xdkYjyif pmtkyfqdkifwGif ZmwfñTef;cef; wpfcef; &SdNyD; rsufarSmufacwf vli,frsm;tMum; a&yef; pm;aeaom ZmwfñTef;rsm;udk pmtkyfqdkifodkY o,faqmif vmaMumif; qdkif&Sif pGef&Sif;u rdwfqufxm;ygonf/ yHk 1? 2/ [leefjynfe,f? csef&Sm;NrdKUrS Orange Island Lezhi pmtkyfqdkifudk awGY&pOf/ 图①② 湖南省长沙市橘子洲乐之书 店 CFP 图 yHk 3? 4/ [kef&SmESifh olr\vlom;,Ofaus;rI a&S;a[mif;okawoepmtkyfqdkifudk awGY& pOf/ 图③④ 洪霞和她的人文考古书店 微博图片 ①② 22 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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pmtkyfqdkif + pmMunfhwdkuf 书店 + 图书馆 vlom;,Ofaus;rI a&S;a[mif;okawoepmtkyf qdkifonf ayusif;NrdKU [dkifwifhZkefrS qdwfNidrfaom vrf;i,ftMum;wGif wnf&Sdaeygonf/ ¤if;qdkifonf odyfrxif&Sm;ay/ qdkiftwGif; tvSqifrIvnf; ½dk;&Sif; aeonf/ pkpkaygif;{&d,m 125 pwk&ef;rDwm us,f0ef; aom tcef; 2 cef;wGif 3 rDwmausmf jrifhaom pmtkyf pif 103 ckESifh jynfhESufaeum pmtkyfpifay:wGif a<u xnfrsm;? ausmufpdrf;ypönf;rsm;? ½kyfyGm;awmfrsm;? aMu; xnfrsm;? eH&Hyef;csDum;rsm;paom a&S;a[mif;okawoe ynm&yfqdkif&m pmtkyfpmayrsm;ESifh jynfhESufaeonf/ vlom;,Ofaus;rI a&S;a[mif;okawoepmtkyfqdkif udk 2012 ckESpfwGif zGifhvSpfcJhNyD; 2013 ckESpfwGif tGefvdkif; pmtkyfqdkifudk wdk;csJYzGifhvSpfcJhygonf/ xdktcsdefu wuúodkvfwufaeonfh [kef&Smonf tqdkygpmtkyfqdkif wGif tcsdefydkif;tvkyf vkyfcJhygonf/ 2018 ckESpfrSpí olronf tqdkygpmtkyfqdkif\ qdkif&Sifjzpfvmonf/ “a&S;a[mif;okawoepmtkyfawGu wefzdk; t&rf; &Sdw,f/ qdkifudk vma&mufwJh pmzwfy&dowfawGu trsm;tm;jzifh tcsuftvufawGtwGuf vmMuw,f” [k [kef&Smu ajymMum;cJhygonf/ pmtkyfqdkifonf ya&mfzuf&Sife,fpmzwfolrsm;udk qGJaqmifonfh enf; vrf;rSm pmtkyfpmayrsm; tpkHtvifrQom r[kwfay/ pmtkyftaMumif;tcsuftvufrsm;tjyif pmtkyfqdkif onfvnf; txl;taMumif;t&mjzpfaom pmtkyfpm&if; rsm;udk tcsdeftm;avsmfpGm xkwfjyefwwfonf/ þ pmtkyftaMumif;tcsuftvufrsm;ESifh pmtkyfpm&if; rsm;onf usrf;udk;pm&if;axmufyHhay;ouJhodkY ynm&Sif rsm;ESifh okawoetzGJYrsm;twGuf oufqdkif&mpmtkyf rsm;udk pl;prf;&SmazG&ef tcsdefrsm;pGm oufomapEdkifyg onf/ pmzwfolrsm;onf qdkifwGif r&Sdaom pmtkyfrsm; taMumif;udk ar;jref;aomtcg pmtkyfqdkifonfvnf; ¤if;wdkYtwGuf 0,f,l&ef ulnDay;Edkifonf/“tGefvdkif; pmtkyfqdkif&Sd pmtkyfawGudk awGYNyD;rSom vltrsm;u uREkfyfwdkYqdkifudk pdwf0ifpm;vmMuw,f”[k [kef&Smu ajymMum;onf/ ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh okawoetifpwDusK rsm;pGmonf þuJhodkYjzifh pmtkyfqdkif\ azmufonf rsm; jzpfvmonf/ vltcsif;csif; tjyeftvSef rdwfquf jcif;jzifh pmtkyfqdkifudk vkyfief;todkif;t0dkif;&Sd vlrsm; onf ydkrdkod&Sdvmum todtrSwfjyKvmygonf/ tcsdKU EdkifiH&yfjcm;rS a&S;a[mif;okawoeynm&Sifrsm;onf vnf; w½kwfvkyfief;wlrsm;\ rdwfqufrIrSwpfqifh pmtkyfqdkifudk &SmazGawGY&SdcJhonf/ tcsdKUaom okawoe tifpwDusK\ wm0efcHrsm;onf tBudrfaygif;rsm;pGm ajymif;vJcJhaomfvnf; a&S;a[mif;okawoepmtkyfqdkif onf olwdkYtwGuf pmtkyfrsm;0,f,l&ef yxrOD;qkH; a&G;cs,frI jzpfpNrJ jzpfygonf/ udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g umuG,fxdef;csKyfrIumv twGif; pmtkyfqdkifwGif tvkyfenf;yg;oGm;onf/ tGefvdkif; pmtkyfqdkifudkom zGifhvSpfvdkufygu wpfESpfvQif qdkif ③ ④ 23 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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pmtkyfqdkif + a'oEÅ&jzpfjcif; 书店 + 在地化 “ &Gmol&Gmom;awGudk vIyf&Sm;rIawGrSm yg0ifzdkY zdwfac:NyD; a'ocH&Gmol&Gmom;awGtwGuf ydkrdk<u,f0 wJh pdwfydkif;qdkif&m azsmfajza&;vIyf&Sm;rIawGudk yHhydk;ay; w,f/ 'DvdkeJYyJ &Gmol&Gmom;awGeJY tjyeftvSefqufqH a&;udk taumiftxnfazmfEdkifygw,f/ ,Ofaus;rI qdkif&m vIyf&Sm;rIawG[m ‘ a'oEÅ&jzpfjcif; ’ qdkwJh &nf&G,fcsufudk wjznf;jznf; taumiftxnfazmfEdkif vdrfhr,f” [k wmvD ydkifwdkif;&if;om;vlrsdK; udk,fydkif tkyfcsKyfcGifh&jynfe,fcGJ qm&SDNrdKUe,frS Xianfeng qm&SD ydkifwdkif;&if;om; pmtkyfqdkifrS qdkif&Sif vsL,mxifu ajymonf/ atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkif\ toGifajymif;vJ jcif;ESifh tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif; vkyfief;pOfwGif tajccH taqmuftOD;ypönf;rsm;udk tqifhjr§ifhwifonfhtjyif pmtkyfqdkifonf udk,fydkif0daoovu©Pmrsm;ESifh aygif;pyfum vIyf&Sm;rItopf rsm;pGmudk BudK;pm;vkyf aqmifcJhonf/ 2020 jynfhESpf Mo*kwfvwGif wdkif;&if;om;pwdkif &Sdaom aus;vufpmtkyfqdkif jzpfonfh Xianfeng qm&SD ydkifwdkif;&if;om; pmtkyfqdkifudk w&m;0ifzGifhvSpf cJhygonf/ pmtkyfqdkifodkY 0ifa&mufum ydkifwdkif;&if;om; vlrsdK;\ pyg;usDa[mif;ESifh aq;&GufrD;zkwfcef;jzifh jyKjyifwnfaqmufxm;aom ydkifwdkif;&if;om;pwdkif pmtkyfqdkif? uAsmarQmfpifESifh uAsmaumfzDqdkifuJhodkYaom vlom;,Ofaus;rIqdkif&m ae&mrsm;onf xif&Sm;aom wmvDpwdkif &Sdygonf/ ,leefvlrI,Ofaus;rIESifh ordkif; pmayrsm;? wmvD\ ½Icif;tvSw&m;rsm;? wdkif;&if;om; vlrsdK;rsm;? vufzufESifhjrif; a&S;a[mif;vrf;rqdkif&m vuf&majrmufaom pmtkyfrsm;pGmudk pepfwus cif;usif; vuf&Sdygonf/ ydkifwdkif;&if;om;vlrsdK;\ ½dk;&m"avh xkH;pHrsm;? qm&SD\ ½Icif;tvSw&m;rsm;? ,leefc&D;oGm; vkyfief;rsm;uJhodkYaom “a'oEÅ&” tMumif;t&mudk tajccHí xkwfvkyfxm;aom ,Ofaus;rIwDxGifzefwD; rIvuf&m 100 eD;yg;rSm rsufpdusp&m jzpfaeonf/ NcH0if;xJwGif txl;wvnf wnfaqmufxm;aom uAsmaumfzDqdkifonf pmtkyfqdkiftwGuf aemufxyf cHpm;rIwpfckudk xyfavmif;&&Sdaponf/ “pmtkyfqdkifudk,fwdkifu a'o0daoovu©Pm awG trsm;BuD;&SdNyD; ,leefjynfe,fu pmtkyfqdkifawG xJrSm wpfrlxl;jcm;vSygw,f/ 'DESpfrSm uREkfyfwdkYu pmtkyfqdkif&JU ae&mtcif;tusif;udk qufvuf wdk;csJY? jyKjyifrGrf;rHNyD; ,Ofaus;rIwDxGifzefwD;rIvuf&mawGudk tqifhjr§ifhwif&mrSm t"dutm;jzifh tGefvdkif;yvufazmif; toD;oD;uwpfqifh tGefvdkif;rSm jyefYyGm;atmif vkyf& r,f”[k vsL,mxifu ajymonf/ pmtkyfqdkif tqifhqifhjr§ifhwifajymif;vJvmonhf iSm;&rf;c w½kwf,Grf 2.5 odef; oufomEdkifygonf/ odkYaomfvnf; [kef&Smonf atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkif\ zGifhvSpfjcif;t"dyÜm,fudk oabmayguf em;vnfvmyg onf/ “atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkifudk ydwf&if pmtkyfzwf csifolawG? owif;tcsuftvufawG &SmazGavhvmcsif olawG b,fvdkvkyf&rvJ/ pmtkyfawGu xkwfukef ypönf;awG jzpf½kHrubJ ¤if;&JU wefzdk;uawmh ydkrdk rsm; jym;vmwJh pmzwfvlwdkY tqufrjywf zwf½IzdkYjzpfw,f” [k [kef&Smu ajymonf/ a,bk,stm;jzifh a&S;a[mif; okawoepmtkyfrsm;\ xkwfa0rIyrmPonf enf;yg; í aps;EIef;url BuD;rm;aomaMumifh wpfcgwpf&HwGif &Sm&cufcJygonf/ tqdkygpmtkyfrsm;udk wifxm;rSom vdktyfolrsm;onf þpmtkyfrsm;udk tvG,fwul awGY jrifEdkifygonf/ xdkYaMumifh atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkif zGifh vSpf&efudkomvQif [kef&Smonf wpdkufrwfrwf vkyf aqmifvsuf&Sdaeonf/ tem*wfwGif tajctae tqif ajyvmygu olronf pmtkyfqdkifae&mrsm;udk wdk;csJYí “pmMunfhwdkufzwf½Ijcif;” [laom vkyfaqmifcsufudk xnfhoGif;&ef pDpOfxm;ygonf/ qdkifwGif pkaqmif;xm; &Sdaom &mESifhcsDonfh xyfí yHkEdSyfjcif;r&Sdawmhaom a&S;a[mif;okawoepmtkyfrsm;udk ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmaom vlrsm;tm; zwf½IEdkifap&efESifh tokH;jyKEdkifap&ef[k [kef&Smu qufajymonf/ ① yHk 1? 2? 3? 4/ Xianfeng qm&SD ydkifwdkif; &if;om;pmtkyfqdkif/ 图①②③④ 先锋沙溪白族书局 受访 者供图 24 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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twGufaMumifh qm&SDNrdKUe,fonfvnf; ajymif;vJvsuf &Sdaeygonf/ “t"dutaMumif;&if;uawmh a'owGif; vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;&JU ajymif;vJrIeJY NrdKUjyifyu vm wJh vkyfief;vnfywfrIykHpHtajctae&JU aygif;pyfrIaMumifh jzpfygw,f”[k vsL,mxifu ajymonf/ pmtkyfqdkif zGifhonfrSm 2 ESpfeD;yg;&SdNyDjzpfNyD; &Gmol&Gmom;rsm;onf Xianfeng qm&SD ydkifwdkif;&if;om; pmtkyfqdkifudk A[dk jyKí qm&SDNrdKUe,f c&D;oGm;Munfh½Ijcif;,mOftzGJYudk tvdk tavsmuf zGJYpnf;cJhygonf/ olwdkYonf aus;&Gmrsm; tMum; vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; vG,fulacsmarGYap&ef twGuf teD;ywf0ef;usif&Sd aus;&GmtzGJYrsm;ESifh csdwf qufxm;onf/ xdkYjyif pmtkyfqdkifu zGJYpnf;xm;aom EdkifiHwumpma&;q&mrsm;ESifh pma&;pifwmonf vIyf&Sm; rIrsdK;pkHudk yHkrSeftwdkif; usif;yNyD; NrdKUjyifyrS vmaom vlrsm;pGmudk qGJaqmifvmaomaMumifh pmtkyfqdkifywf 0ef;usifwGif t&yfaetdrfyHkpHjzpfaom rdkw,f? pm;aomuf qdkifESifh "mwfyHk½dkuful;jcif;ponfh vkyfief;rsdK;pHk vnf ywfEdkifatmif pGrf;aqmifay;EdkifcJhonf/ vlawmfvlcRef rsm;onfvnf; qm&SDNrdKUe,fü pk½kH;NyD; &Gmol&Gmom;rsm; ESifh ESD;aESmzvS,fvmMuaMumif; vsL,mxifu ajymonf/ avhvmawGY&Sdcsufrsm; 观察: pD;yGm;a&;ESifh vlrIa&;\ t&Sdeft[kefjzifh zGHYNzdK;wdk; wufrIESifhtwl pm;oHk;ol\ pdwfydkif;qdkif&mtawG;tac:? pmzwfjcif;tavhtxESifh udk,fawGYcHpm;csufrsm;onf BuD;rm;aom ajymif;vJrIrsm; jzpfay:vmygonf/ pmtkyf rsm; a&mif;cs&ef t"du &nf&G,fxm;aom orm;½dk;us aom atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkifrsm;onf vkyfief;ykHpHwpfck wnf;atmufwGif vlrsm;\ vdktyfcsufrSeforQudk jznfhqnf;ay;&ef rjzpfEdkifawmhbJ tGefvdkif;a&mif;csrI yHkpHESifhvnf; r,SOfEdkifawmhay/ xdkYaMumifh vufawGY vnfywf&mwGif atmhzfvdkif;pmtkyfqdkifrsm;onf “pmtkyf qdkif+”wGif BudK;yrf;tm;xkwf&NyD; pmzwfolrsm;twGuf pmtkyfrsm;\ pD;yGm;jzpf vufvDa&mif;csrI 0efaqmifrI wpfckrQom yHhydk;ay;jcif; r[kwfbJ a'o\ yuwd tajc taetay: tajccHí rwlnDaom tkyfpkrsm;\ vdktyf csufrsm;udk jznfhqnf;ay;onfESifh pmzwfolrsm;\ trsm;jynfol ,Ofaus;rI? tyef;ajzrIESifh aexdkifrIudk cHpm;Edkifaom ae&mtjzpf wjznf;jznf; ajymif;vJoGm;yg onf/ tqdkygvkyfief;0efaqmifrI\ oabmw&m;udk av;av;eufeuf em;vnfxm;rSomvQif pmtkyfqdkifrsm; ESifh pmzwfolrsm;tMum;&Sd uyfNidrIudk wdk;jr§ifhEdkifNyD; toGiful;ajymif;rIESifh zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrIqdkif&m t"du tcsufudk qkyfudkifEdkifrnf jzpfygonf/ ② ③ ④ 25 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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-① ④ ⑤ tvSw&m;ESifh jynfhpkHaeonfh pmtkyf\ arT;&eHY ysHUvGifh 26 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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- yHk 1/ uefpkjynfe,f Dunhuang pmtkyfqdkif/ 图① 甘肃省敦煌书局 新华社 图 yHk 2/ usrf;ql;jynfe,f eefusifh Xianfeng pmtkyfqdkif/ 图② 江苏省南京先锋书店 新华社 图 yHk 3/ a[vHkusef;jynfe,f [mtvfyifNrdKU Zhongchuang pmtkyfqdkif/ 图③ 黑龙江省哈尔滨众创书局 新华社 图 yHk 4/ [dkifeefjynfe,f Yundong pmMunfhwdkuf/ 图④ 海南省云洞图书馆 新华社 图 yHk 5/ ,leefjynfe,f ulrif;NrdKU ta&SUwdkif;pmtkyfqdkif/ 图⑤ 云南省昆明东方书店 新华社 图 yHk 6/ usJYusef;jynfe,f xHk;vlXianfeng ,GD&SD;pmMunfhwdkuf/ 图⑥ 浙江省桐庐先锋云夕图书馆 新华社 图 yHk 7/ w½kwfa&eHwuúodkvf(w½kwfEdkifiH\ ta&SUydkif;)pmMunfhwdkuf\ ta&SUtaqmuftOD;/ 图⑦ 中国石油大学(华东)图书馆东馆 新华社 图 当美丽邂逅书香 ⑥⑦ ②③ 27 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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NrdKUjyxJu okw&o&dyfNrHKjzpfonfh jrefrmpmtkyfqdkifrsm; jrefrmEdkifiH &efukefNrdKUv,facgif ql;av? yef;qdk;wef; ESifh teD;wpf0dkufwGif “pmayeef;awmf”? “Myanmar Book Centre”? “tif;0pmtkyfwdkuf”ponfh &efukef NrdKU\ emrnfBuD; pmtkyfqdkifrsm; pka0;wnf&Sd&m ae&m jzpfonf/ “ 'DpmtkyfqdkifawGu EdkifiHwumu pmtkyf qdkifBuD;awGvdk acwfrDjyifqifrGrf;rHxm;rIrsdK; r&Sdbl; qdkayr,fh uRefruawmh 'Dudk a&mufwdkif; pmtkyfqdkif rSmyJ wpfaeYukefeD;yg; pmtkyfawG xdkifa&G;rdoGm;wwf ygw,f/” rEÅav;ol pkpkrGefonf r[mbGJYoifwef; atmifjrifNyD;aemuf &efukefNrdKUü tvkyfvkyf&ef a&G;cs,f cJhonf/ tm;vyfcsdefrsm;wGif olr toGm;csifqHk; ae&m onf yef;qdk;wef;&Sd pmtkyfqdkifrsm;yif jzpfonf/ “ 'DrSmu pmtkyftrsdK;tpm; pHkvifw,f/ uHaumif; vdkY&Sd&if &Sm;yg;pmtkyfta[mif;awGudkawmif &SmawGY Edkifygao;w,f”[k pkpkrGefu ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm &Sm;yg; pmtkyf&SmazGjcif;rSwpfqifh &&SdvmcJhonfh rdrd\ tawGY tBuHKrsm;udk a0rQonf/ 0gMuifhMuifh puúLrsm;rSwpfqifh acwf\ twdwfajc&mrsm;udk &dyfceJ zswfceJ jrifvm& NyD; tcsdefumv\ arhavsmhjcif;udk cHae&onfh tjzpf tysuf taMumif;t&mrsm;udk &SmazGawGY&SdEdkifavonf/ ¤if;rSm olYtwGuf tGefvdkif;ay: pmtkyfzwfjcif;u r& &SdEdkifonfh tawGYtBuHKcHpm;rI jzpfayonf/ “'gaMumifh rdkYvnf; uRefru 'Du pmaytaiGYtoufawGudk ydkNyD; oabmusrdwmaygh/” xdkodkYaom a&S;½dk;pOfvm pmtkyf qdkifrsm;u ydkí ½dk;&Sif;ppfrSefonf[k pkpkrGefu xifrd onf/ ¤if;rSm xdkpmtkyfqdkifrsm;udk olr pGJvrf;ESpfouf& jcif;\ t"du taMumif;&if;rsm;xJu wpfck jzpfay onf/ pkpkrGefonf w½kwfpmudk rdrdbmom avhvmcJhonf/ olu vSnf;wef;aps;teD;wpf0dkufu pmtkyfqdkifrsm;udk vnf; oabmusNyD; w½kwfpmayqdkif&m pmtkyfawGudk vnf; 0,f,lcJhonf/“pmayavmu”? “pmayeef;awmf”? “pmay[if;av;tdk;BuD;”pojzifh pkpkrGefu olr 0,f,l tm;ay;cJhzl;aom pmtkyfqdkifemrnfrsm;udk wpfckcsif; a&wGufjyaecJh\/“tJ'Du pmtkyfqdkifawG[m wuúodkvf &dyfomvrf;eJY eD;ygw,fav/ &efukef EdkifiHjcm;bmom wuúodkvf? &efukefaq;wuúodkvf? &efukef ta0;oif wuúodkvfwdkY[m 'Dwpf0dkufrSm wnf&Sdygw,f/ 'Dvdk 在缅甸仰光市中心苏 雷塔一带,尤其是班梭丹 大道上,“文学宫殿”“缅 甸书籍中心”“茵瓦文学 社”等当地知名书店云集 于此。“这些书店装潢朴实, 没有现代化的配套,可也 挡不住我在里面坐上一整 天。”来自曼德勒的女孩 素素梦,硕士毕业后选择 在仰光工作,空闲之余, 她最喜欢去的地方就是梭 丹大道上的书店。 ①② 28 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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缅甸书店,城市里隐秘的精神角落 本刊记者 张莹琳 / 文 ywf0ef;usifrsdK; &SdwmaMumifh pmtkyfqdkifawG 'DrSm vm pkrdMuwmaygh/ 'DrSmu udk,fvdkcsifwJh pmtkyfawGudk tvG,fwul &SmawGYEdkifw,fav”[k olu ajymjyonf/ “uGefjzL;&Syfuxmusrf;”? “qGefZl;ppfynmusrf;”? “ vl&Tef; ”? “ &Sef[dkif;*sif ”? “ ouf&Sifae” pojzifh vSnf;wef;aps;teD;wpf0dkufu pmtkyfqdkifrsm;rS tqdkyg bmomjyef w½kwfpmayrsm;udk pkpkrGef 0,f,lpkaqmif; xm;&SdNyD jzpfonf/ “uRefru pmzwfwmuae &&SdwJh aysmf&TifrIudk oabmusw,f? pma&;q&mwpfa,muf csif;pD&JU w½kwfjynftaMumif; o½kyfazmfrI ta&;tom; udkvnf; cHpm;&if;eJYaygh/ ” pkpkrGefonf bmomjyef w½kwfpmayrsm;udk zwf½Ijcif;rSwpfqifh w½kwfEdkifiH taMumif;udk avhvmod&SdcJh&NyD; pmzwfjcif;\ tESpf om&udk cHpm;od&SdcJh&onf/ acwftajctae wdk;wufvmonfESifhtwl jrefrm jynfaps;uGufxJ&Sd pmtkyfqdkifrsm;\ vkyfaqmifcsufrSm vnf; ajymif;vJjzpfay:vmcJhayonf/ jrefrmyvmZm? *sef;&Sif;pD;wD; ponfh aps;0,fpifwmBuD;rsm;wGif pmtkyf qdkifrsm; zGifhvSpfvmcJhygonf/ “a&S;½dk;pOfvm pmtkyf qdkif wpfqdkifjzpfwJh ‘tif;0pmtkyfwdkuf’ u t&ifqHk; pGefYOD;wDxGifNyD; acwfrDaps;0,fpifwmBuD;awGrSm pmtkyf qdkif zGifhvSpfvmcJhygw,f”[k pkpkrGefu &Sif;jycJhonf/ qef;opfwDxGif tqifhjr§ifhwifNyD;aemuf “tif;0pmtkyf wdkuf”\ Innwa Books & Cafe onf vli,fpmzwf oltajrmuftjrm;udk qGJaqmifvmEdkifcJhonf/ pkpkrGef \ oli,fcsif;tawmfrsm;rsm;rSm xdkodkYaom toGifyHkpH opf pmtkyfqdkifwGif aumfzDaomuf&if; pmzwf&onf udk tvGefESpfoufMuonf/ “a&S;½dk;pOfvm pmtkyfqdkifawGrSmyJjzpfjzpf? toGif yHkpHopf pmtkyfqdkifawGrSmyJjzpfjzpf uRefrwdkY[m NrdKUjy xJu okw&o&dyfNrHKudk &SmawGYEdkifrSm jzpfygw,f/” pmtkyfudk vSefavSm&if; pkpkrGefonf pmzwfjcif;jzifh tcsdefudk tusdK;&SdpGm jzwfoef;um pmtkyfxJu vlwdkY \ b0ZmwfaMumif;udk ydkrdkzwf½IjrifawGY&Edkif&ef arQmf vifhaeayonf/ yHk 1? 2? 3/ jrefrmEdkifiHpmtkyfqdkifrsm;\ twGif;ydkif;jrifuGif;udk awGY&pOf/ 图①②③ 缅甸书店内景 张莹琳 图 ③ 29 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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zwf½Ijcif;udk cspfjrwfEdk;\我爱阅读 uRefawmftaeESifh zwf½Ijcif;onf pdwf"mwfavmu udk <u,f0aponfh aysmf&TifrIwpfck jzpfygonf/ zwf½I jcif;tm;jzifh tqkH;r&Sdaom aysmf&TifrIudk cHpm;&onf/ uRefawmfonf zwf½Ijcif;udk cspfjrwfEdk;\/ uRefawmfonf &efukefNrdKU oefvsifNrdKUe,fwGif rlvwef;ynmoifausmif;ü ausmif;wufpOfu ausmif; NyD;wdkif; ausmif;teD;tem;&Sd pmtkyftiSm;qdkifudk oGm; NyD; uav;BudKuf taysmfzwfumwGef;pmtkyfrsm;udk iSm; zwfavh&Sdonf/ xdktcsdefrSpí uRefawmf\ zwf½Ijcif; pdwf0ifpm;rIrsm; pwifcJhonf[k ,lqonf/ tv,fwef; odkY a&mufaomtcg aEG&moD ausmif;ydwf&ufwdkif; uRefawmfonf tqdkygpmtkyftiSm;qdkifwGif umwGef; pmtkyfrsm;? 0w¬Kpmtkyfrsm;udk iSm;&rf;zwf½Ijzpfonf/ pmtkyftrsdK;tpm;ESifh iSm;&rf;onfh umvtay: rlwnf í iSm;&rf;conf rwluGJjym;ygonf/ Oyrmqdk&vQif umwGef;pmtkyfwpftkyfudk wpf&uf iSm;c 20 usyf? 30 usyf? 50 usyf ponfjzifh ay;&onf/ 0w¬Kpmtkyfqdk vQif wpftkyfudk wpf&uf iSm;c 50 usyf? 100 usyf 于我而言,阅读 是一种享受,丰富了 我的精神世界。通过 阅读,我体会到了无 穷无尽的乐趣。我爱 阅读! ponfjzifh ay;&ygonf/ xdktcsdefu umwGef;pmtkyf wpftkyfudk wpf&ufESifhtNyD; zwfEdkifum 0w¬Kpmtkyf wpftkyfudk zwfNyD;&ef 3? 4? 5 &ufcefY MumwwfaMumif; uRefawmfu rSwfrdaeygonf/ owif;tcsuftvufESifh enf;ynmacwf xGef;um; vmonfESifhtrQ uRefawmf\ pmzwf0goemonf tenf;i,f ajymif;vJvmygonf/ uRefawmfonf tifwmeufenf;ynmqdkif&m pmtkyfrsm;udk wjznf;jznf; pdwf0ifpm;vmygonf/ ausmif;ydwf&ufwGif oefvsif NrdKUe,frS pmtkyfqdkifrsm;rS tywfpOfxkwf tifwmeuf *sme,frsm;? Net Guide uGefysLwmenf;ynm*sme,f rsm;udk uRefawmfhararESifhtwl aps;odkY vdkufoGm;wdkif; 0,f,lcJhavh&Sdonf/ ausmif;ydwf&ufwpfavQmufvkH; wGif uRefawmfonf pmtkyfrsm;\ enf;ynmavmuü epfarsmaecJh&NyD; rdrdudk,fudk rulnDEdkifcJhay/ zwf½Ijcif; tm;jzifh uRefawmfonf tifwmeufenf;ynmtaMumif; rsm;? uGefysLwmenf;ynmtaMumif;rsm;? topfay: xGufaom uGefysLwmrsm;? prwfzkef;topfrsm;ESifh 作者:貌特奈通(缅籍) uRefawmftaeESifh zwf ½Ijcif;onf pdwf"mwfavmu udk <u,f0aponfh aysmf &TifrIwpfckjzpfygonf/ zwf½Ijcif;tm;jzifh tqkH;r&Sdaom aysmf &TifrIudk cHpm;&onf/ uRefawmfonf zwf½Ijcif; udk cspfjrwfEdk;\/ CFP 图 30 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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tDvufxa&mepfypönf;rsm;ESifhywfoufaom aqmif;yg; ESifh owif;rsm;udk avhvmcJh&onfudk uRefawmfonf pdwfauseyfrdygonf/ acwfESifh odyÜHenf;ynmrsm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufvmonf ESifhtrQ e-books onf vli,frsm;Mum;wGif acwfpm; vmonf/ txufwef;ausmif;wufwkef;u tm;vyf csdefwdkif;wGif uGefysLwmtifwmeufenf;ynmrsm;udk avhvm&ef uRefawmfonf oefvsifNrdKUe,frS tifwmeuf aumfzDqdkifodkY oGm;avh&Sdonf/ wpfaeYü uRefawmfonf tifwmeuf aumfzDqdkifwGif tifwmeufokH;aepOf “Honest Hacking” [k ac:onfh e-book udk rawmf wq awGYrdcJhonf/ tqdkygpmtkyfxJwGif uGefysLwm Windows pepf \taMumif;wdkYudk tao;pdwf eufeufeJeJ a&;om; xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ xdkpmtkyf\ rmwdumESifh trSmpmudk zwfMunfh½Hkjzifh pmtkyftwGif;&Sd taMumif;t&mrsm;udk tvGeftrif; pdwf0ifpm;vmygonf/ xdk e-book udk uRefawmf\ USB Stick xJodkY ul;,lcJhvdkufonf/ xdkpmtkyfxJrS taMumif;t&mrsm;udk uRefawmftaejzifh em;rvnfEdkifao;onfrsm;vnf; &Sdygao;onf/ odkY aomfvnf; xl;jcm;av;eufaom t&mrsm;udk pl;prf; avhvm&onfrSm uRefawmf 0goemjzpfvmonf/ xdk pmtkyfxJrS taMumif;t&mrsm;udk wuúodkvf0ifwef; atmifjrifí A+ Hardware Engineering oifwef; wufa&mufNyD;aomtcgrSom jyefvnfzwf½I&m wjznf; jznf; em;vnfvmygonf/ xdkpmtkyfonf uRefawmf tESpfoufqkH; e-books xJrS wpftkyf jzpfvmonf/ E-books onf o,f,l&vG,fuljcif;? aps;EIef; oufomjcif;ponfh tm;omcsuf rsm;pGm &Sdaomfvnf; puúLpmtkyfrsm;udk tpm;rxdk;Edkifao;ay/ ,aeYxdwdkif uRefawmfonf pmzwf&eftwGuf pmtkyfudkom a&G;cs,f 0,f,l&ef pmtkyfqdkifudk oGm;&onfudk ydkí BudKufESpf oufygonf/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf xdkokdYoGm;&onf udk uRefawmf\&ifxJ pdwfauseyfrI rsm;pGm &&SdEdkifyg onf/ uRefawmfonf pmtkyfqdkifwGif pmtkyfrsm; a&G; cs,f&if; pmtkyfxJwGif rnfonfht&mrsm; a&;xm;onf udk odcsifí pmxdkifMunfh&if; tcsdefukefonfudkyif rodjzpfrdonfhtcgvnf; rsm;pGm &Sdonf/ pmtkyfqdkif ydwfawmhrnf[k aumifwmrS pmtkyfta&mif;0efxrf; u owday;rS uRefawmfu owdjyef&vmygonf/ taqGwdkY pmtkyfrsm; 0,f,lvkdvQif jrefrmEdkifiH &efukefNrdKU\ yef;qdk;wef;vrf;wpfavQmuf&Sd pmtkyf qdkifrsm;udk oGm;Munfh&ef uRefawmf tBuHjyKvdkonf/ þae&monf pmtkyfpmay cspfjrwfEdk;olrsm; tBudKufqkH; ae&mwpfck jzpfygonf/ oifonf uRefawmfuJhodkY zwf½Ijcif;udk cspfjrwfEdk;vQif jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd pmtkyfqdkifrS BudKqdkvsuf&SdaeNyD; uRefawmfESifhtwl “epfarsmrIykHpH zwf½Ijcif;”udk cHpm;MuygpdkY/ yHk 1/ &efukefpmtkyfaps;wef;udk awGY&pOf/ 图① 仰光书摊 受访者供图 yHk 2/ &efukefpmtkyfqdkif/ 图② 仰光书店 受访者供图 ①② 31 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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w½kwfvli,frsm;\ tBudKufopfjzpfvmaom tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm; 早餐机、榨汁机、养生壶……比起传统的冰箱、 空调、洗衣机等人们生活中必需的大家电,功能细化 的小家电近年来受到越来越多消费者青睐。它们主要 针对一些细分的生活场景,满足特定人群的使用需求。 rdef;uav; csef0defonf ayusif;NrdKUü tvkyfvkyf ukdifaeol jzpfonf/ ,cktcg olronf eHeufpmukd rdrdukd,fwkdif csufjyKwfaom tavhtx &&SdaeNyD jzpf onf/ topf0,f,lxm;aom eHeufpmcsufjyKwfpuf wpfrsKd;ukd toHk;jyKum 3 rdepftwGif; qef;0pfcsfwpfck jyKvkyfjcif;? 1 rdepftwGif; MuufOwpfvHk;aMumfjcif; jyKvkyfEkdifonf/ xkdYaemuf toD;Budwfpufjzifh toD; azsmf&nfwpfcGuf azsmfNyD;aemuf tm[m&jynfh0onfh eHeufpmukd oHk;aqmifEkdifNyD jzpfygonf/ “reufpmukd 'DvkdcsufjyKwfwm tqifajywJhtjyif usef;rma&;eJY nD ñGwfNyD; oeYf&Sif;w,f/ pwdkifuswJhb0ukd ykdifqkdifvdk wJh vkdtifqE´ukdvnf; jynfhapEkdifygw,f” [k csef0def u ajymMum;onf/ eHeufpmcsufjyKwfpuf? toD;BudwfpufESifh usef;rma&; a&aEG;tkd; ponfhtao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm; rSm orm;½kd;us a&cJaowåm? avat;ay;pufESifh t0wf avQmfpuf tp&Sdonfh vlom;wkdY\ aeYpOf aexkdifrIb0 wGif r&Sdrjzpf vkdtyfaom tBuD;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; rsm;ESifhpmvQif ¤if;\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; NyD;jynfhpHk onfhtwGufaMumifh ,ckESpfykdif;wGif pm;oHk;olrsm;\ BudKufESpfoufrI rsm;oxuf rsm;vmcJhygonf/ ¤if;wdkY rSm tao;pdwfusonfh tcsdKUaom aexdkifrIb0tajc 小家电 中国年轻人新宠 32 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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taersm;udk t"duxm;um txl;OD;wnftkyfpk\ vdk tyfcsufrsm;udk jznfhqnf;ay;&eftwGuf &nf&G,fjcif; jzpfygonf/ txl;ojzifh udkApf-19 uyfa&m*g xdef; csKyfumuG,fa&;umvtwGif; tdrfwGifpm;oHk;rIESifh tdrfwGiftvkyfvkyfudkifjcif; a&yef;pm;vmonfESifhtrQ ,if;tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm;onf tifwmeuf vlrIuGef&uf? vdkufzfvTifhrIESifh AD'D,kdwkdyvufazmif; ponfwdkYwGif rsm;pGm xGufay:vmonf/ xGef;um;vmaomaps;uGufonf ykdírsm;jym;aom tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm; xkwfvkyfEkdif&ef wGef;tm;ay;vsuf&Sdygonf/ vwfwavmESpfydkif;wGif CFP 图 CFP 图 33 吉祥阅读 “r*Fvm ”zwfrSwfp&m
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rD;zdkacsmifESifh a&csKd;cef;? wpfudk,f&nfapmifha&SmufrI ESifh b0aexdkifrIponfwdkYESifh oufqdkifaom tao;pm; tdrfoHk;vQyfppfxkwfukefypönf;topfrsm; qufwdkuf xGufay:vsuf&Sdonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh w½kwfrD;zdkacsmif oHk;ypönf;rsm;wGif trnfausmfMum;aom trSwfwHqyf Joyoung onf ,ckESpfydkif;wGif toD;Budwfpuf? Air Fryer ? [if;csufpuf ponfh tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyf ppfypönf;rsm; trsKd;rsKd;udk twGJvdkuf xkwfvkyfa&mif; csvmygonf/ “ao;i,fwJh? vSywJh? vnfywfzdkYeJY xm;odkzdkY vG,fulwJh rD;zdkacsmifoHk; tao;pm;vQyfppf ypönf;awG[m 'DESpfydkif;rSm vlBudKufrsm;vmygw,f/ toHk;jyKwJhae&mawG[m tqufrjywf us,fjyefYvmyg w,f/ rD;zdkacsmifuae {nfhcef;txd? ½Hk;cef;uae [dkw,f txd? tdrfwGif;uae c&D;xGufwmtxd uRefawmfwdkY [m pm;oHk;olawG&JU pdwfBudKuftajymif;tvJawGeJY tnD tqufrjywf vdkufavsmfnDaxGjzpfatmif vkyf aqmif&ygr,f” [k Joyoung tD;-aumrufpfpifwmrS xkwfukefa&mif;csrI taxGaxGrefae*sm zefusD;zkef;u ajymjyygonf/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm; tb,faMumifh a&yef;pm; vmoenf; 小家电为什么走红? “wu,fawmh uRefru [if;csufwm odyfruRrf; usifygbl;” [k usJYusef;jynfe,f [efusKd;NrdKUwGif tvkyfvkyfudkifvsuf&Sdaeaom rdef;uav; a&Smuf,GDu ajymygonf/ bGJY&&SdNyD;aemuf a&Smuf,GDonf [efusKd; NrdKUudk wpfa,mufwnf; oGm;a&muf tvkyfvkyfudkifcJh onf/ wpfe,fwpfaus;wGif aexdkifrIb0ü cHpm;& onfh txD;usefrIudk ajzavQmh&eftwGuf [if;csuf twwfynmudk ruRrf;usifaomfvnf; olronf [if; csuf0goem ygvmygonf/ wpfESpftwGif; olronf tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; 10 ckausmf qufwdkuf 0,f,lcJh&m ¤if;vQyfppfypönf;wpfckpD\ aps;EIef;rSm w½kwf,Grf 300 rS 500 txd &Sdygonf/ xkdodkYjzifh a&Smuf,GDonf a&yef;pm;aom pm;aumif;aomufzG,f trsKd;rsKd;tzHkzHkudk csufjyKwf&ef vdktyfcsufudk jznfhqnf; ay;cJhygonf/ a&Smuf,GD\rD;zdkacsmifwGif Air Fryer ? a&oefY puf? tvdktavsmuf MuufOarTpuf? SodaStream tp&Sdonfh tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm; tjynfh tpHk cif;usif;xm;vdkufygonf/ rD;zdkacsmifwGif ypönf; rsm;ESifh jynfhESufaeNyD jzpfaomfvnf; olronf vwf wavm&ufydkif;wGif w½kwf,Grf 300 eD;yg;udk oHk;pGJNyD; CFP 图 34 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
第36页
SodaStream wpfvHk;udk xyfrH0,f,lcJhygonf/ Carbonated azsmf&nfESifh Carbonated a&aomuf oHk;jcif; BudKufESpfoufonfhtwGufaMumifh a&Smuf,GD onf þuJhodkY Carbonated a& udk,fwdkifvkyfEdkifaom pufud&d,mrsm;udk tvGefoabmusonf/ “ 'Dpuf ud&d,mwpfvHk;&JU aps;EIef;u w½kwf,Grf 300 awmif r&Sdbl;/ Carbonated a& ykvif; 100 ausmfavmuf jyKvkyfEdkifr,f/ jyifyrSm 0,faomufwmxufpm&if ukefusp&dwf ydkNyD; oufomygw,f/” arv 1 &ufaeY tvkyform;aeY ½Hk;ydwf&ufrwdkifcif a&Smuf,GDonf MuufOjyKwfpufudk 0,f,lcJhao;onf/ “pm;aumif; aomufzG,fbavmh*g ½dkuful;wJh AD'D,dkudk Munfhvdkuf &if MuufOjyKwfpufeJY MuufOudk taeawmf jyKwfEdkif wJhtjyif at;cJxm;wJh aygufpDeJY ajymif;? yJ? auGum tkyf pwmawGudk wpfNydKifeufwnf; aygif;Edkifygw,f/ vG,fulwJh reufpmudk tcsdefwdktwGif; tqifoifhjzpf EdkifNyDav/” a&Smuf,GDuJhodkYyif rpövif;onfvnf; rMumao; rDu 0,f,lxm;onfh opfoD;ajcmufpufudk tvGef oabmuscJhygonf/ “[if;oD;[if;&Guf? opfoD;0vH? tom;? ig; pwJhpm;p&mawGudk ntdyf&mr0ifcifrSm opfoD;ajcmufpufxJ xnfhvdkufNyD; aemufwpfaeY reufrSm [if;yGJaumif;wpfyGJudk jrnf;prf;oHk;aqmif Edkifygvdrfhr,f/ t&omvnf; rqdk;ygbl;/” vuf&Sd tcsdefwGif rpövif;\tdrfü opfoD;ajcmufpuf\ aemufxyfxl;jcm;aumif;rGefaom toHk;jyKyHkvnf; &Sd ygao;onf/ tywfpOf paeESifh we*FaEGaeYwdkYwGif tdrfarG;acG;twGuf Muufom;ajcmufudk jyKvkyfay;avh &SdNyD; a&cJaowÅmxJwGif tcsdeftMumBuD; xm;pm;í & Edkifygonf/ “ 'D&ufydkif;rSm uRefr EdkYvufzuf&nfpuf wpfvHk;udk awGY&SdcJhygw,f/ ol&JU vkyfaqmifcsufawG trsm;BuD; &Sdygw,f/ EGm;EdkYudk tylay;wm? a&aEG;usKd wm? aumfzDazsmfwmeJY EGm;EdkYtjr§Kyfxatmif vkyfwm pwmawG tukefvHk; jyKvkyfEdkifygw,f/ w½kwf,Grf 200 ausmfyJ ukefusygw,f” [k rpövif;u ajymyg onf/ toGiftjyifyHkoP²mefvSyrIESifh aps;EIef;oufom rI&SdonfhtwGufaMumifh a&Smuf,GDESifh rpövif;wdkY tyg t0if rD;zdkacsmif\ “toGiftjyifyHkoP²mefvSyrIudk ESpfoufolrsm;” onf pdwftvdkus 0,f,lvdkufMuyg onf/ a&Smuf,GDuJhodkYaom vli,frsm;onf tb,f aMumifh tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm;udk þ uJhodkY BudKufESpfoufMuoenf;/ pwdkifusaom yef;yGifh yHkoP²mef pm;yGJcif;wpfck? ao;i,fNyD; vuf&majrmuf aom ',ftdk;wpfvHk;ESifh Air Fryer wpfvHk; ponf rsm;jzifh vG,fvG,fulul csufjyKwfrSom <u,f0ayg rsm;NyD; t&omaumif;rGefaom aeYv,fpmudk oHk; aqmifEdkifygvdrhfrnf/ xdkYaemuf "mwfyHkwpfyHk ½dkuful; um WeChat Moment wGif wifvdkuf&m Like rsm;pGm &&SdonfESifhtrQ ½kwfw&uf pdwfMunfEl;p&mESifh aysmf &TifrItjynfhudk cHpm;vdkuf&ygonf/ wpfcsdefwnf;wGif yif tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; xkwfvkyfrIukrÜPD rsm;onf pm;oHk;olrsm;\ trltusifhrsm;udk cGJjcrf; pdwfjzmí tuifpuf? MuufOarTpuf? eHeufpmcsufjyKwf puf? yJyifaygufpufESifh Air Fryer ponfh trsKd;tpm; pHkvifaom ukefypönf;rsm;tm; xkwfvkyfa&mifcsjcif;rS wpfqifh pm;oHk;olrsm;\ aexdkifrIb0twGuf topf tqef;ESifh tawGYtBuHKtopfrsm; aqmifMuOf;ay;cJhonf/ udef;*Pef;tcsuftvufrsm;t& 2021 ckESpfwGif w½kwfEdkifiH tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;aps;uGuf ü oHk;pGJrIaiGyrmPrSm w½kwf,Grf 510 bDvD,H &SdNyD; 2023 ckESpfwGifrl w½kwf,Grf 600 bDvD,Hausmftxd &Sdvmvdrfhrnf[k cefYrSef;xm;ygonf/ ¤if;wdkYteuf 1990 jynfhvGefESpfrsm;wGif arG;zGm;aom pm;oHk;olrsm;? CFP 图 很多小家 电不仅造型 有趣,还很实 用,简直就是 生活的贴心 小帮手,小体 积大用处,小 家也因为有 了它们而愈 发温馨舒服。 有趣的小家电 bufpHkoHk;[if;csuftkd;/ 多功能料理锅 tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; rsm;onf toGifykHoP²mef pdwf0ifpm; zG,f aumif;½kHomru vufawGYwGif vnf; tvGeftokH;0ifygonf/ ¤if;wdkY onf b0\ tao;pdwftcsuftvuf rsm;twGuf tultnDjyKolrsm; jzpfyg onf/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; rsm;onf t&G,ftpm;ao;i,faomf vnf; tusdK;oufa&mufrI tvGef &Sd NyD; aetdrfav;onfvnf; ¤if;wdkYaMumifh ydkí aEG;axG;NyD; oufomoGm;onf/ 35 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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txl;ojzifh 1995 ckESpfaemufydkif;wGif arG;zGm;olrsm; onf tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;\ t"dupm;oHk; olrsm; wjznf;jznf; jzpfvmMuNyD; pkpkaygif; pm;oHk;ol OD;a&\ 40 &mckdifEIef;cefY&SdaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm;onf pm;oHk;olrsm;tm; rnfuJhodkY qGJaqmifoenf; 小家电靠什么吸引消费者? vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;rSm ydkí uGßrf;usifvmygonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh bufpHkoHk;[if;csuftkd;onf aMumfjcif;? jyKwfjcif;? uifjcif;? aygif;jcif; ponfh csufjyKwfjcif; vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;ukd wpfaygif;wnf; pkpnf;vkdufyg onf/ vlwpfOD;rS ESpfOD;txd pm;oHk;Edkifonfh yrmP &Sdygonf/ rD;awmufroHk;bJ usOf;ajrmif;aom rD;zdk acsmif&Sdonfh pm;oHk;olrsm;twGuf tvGef oifhawmfyg onf/ vkyfief;&Sif trsm;tjym;onf o,faqmif& vG,fulaom rD;ylwdkufpufESifh BudK;rJhrD;ylwdkufpuf ponfh trsKd;tpm;rsm;udk pwifxkwfvkyfvmygonf/ ydk;rTm;rsm;udk z,f&Sm;Edkifonfhtjyif a&m*gydk;oefYpif apEdkifygonf/ tvkyfc&D;pOfESifh tvnftywfc&D;pOf twGuf tm;vHk;ESifh oifhavsmfonf/ “wpfa,mufpm” vQyfppfxrif;Al;onf yvyfxdk;NyD; tylay;Edkifygonf/ ¤if;onf ao;i,fNyD; tvG,fwul o,faqmifEkdifonfh twGuf ½Hk;0efxrf;rsm;twGuf oifhavsmfygonf/ tao;pm;t0wfavQmfpufonf ao;i,fonfh {&d,m üom wifxm;&ef vkdtyfNyD; vkyfaqmifcsufrsm; jynfhpHk onfhtwGuf tdrfiSm;NyD; wpfOD;wnf;aexkdifaom vl i,frsm;twGuf oifhavsmfygonf/ trsKd;tpm;rsm;tm; ykdí tao;pdwf cGJjcm;vmyg onf/ rD;zkdacsmifoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm;tm; om"ujyK í orm;½kd;us xrif;aygif;tkd;? vQyfppfa&aEG;tdk; ponf rsm;rSwpfqifh qef;0pfcsfvkyfpuf? a&aEG;cGuf? yJEdkYpuf? jrefEIef;jrifhBudwfpuf (High Speed Blender) ? aumfzD azsmfpuf ponfwdkYtxd xkwfvkyfvmawmhygonf/ rD;zkdacsmifoHk;vQyfppfypönf;\ trsKd;tpm;tm;vHk;eD;yg; udk zHk;vTrf;cJhygonf/ toGifykHoP²mef vSyí pdwf0ifpm;zG,fvnf; aumif;vSygonf/ acgufodrf;Edkifaom a&aEG;aiGYrD;yl wpfrsKd;onf tjyma&miftoGiftjyifESifh vHk;0ef;aom tjyifyef;'DZdkif; &SdonfhtwGuf cspfp&maumif;vSaom puf½kyfwpf½kyfuJhodkY wlnDygonf/ ukeftrSwfwHqdyf ① acgufodrf;Edkifaom a&aEG;tdk;/ 折叠热水壶 eHeufpmcsufjyKwfpuf/ 早餐料理机 36 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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rsm;pGmonf pm;oHk;olrsm;\ tm½HkpdkufrIudk qGJaqmif&ef twGuf ¤if;wdkY\ toGiftjyifwGif vlodrsm;um trnf ausmfMum;aom ½kyfyHktpdwftydkif;rsm;udk xnfhoGif;vm ygonf/ Midea Group tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;vkyfief; tkyfpkonf ,refESpfu Pikachu wGJzuftrSwfwHqdyf xkwfukefrsm;tm; pwifxkwfvkyfcJhNyD; ,cktcgwGif taEG;"mwfay;puf? qef;0pfcsfvkyfpuf pojzifh xkwf ukef 10 rsKd;ausmfudk pwifa&mif;csaeNyD jzpfonf/ tGefvdkif;rSwpfqifh pm;oHk;rIvrf;aMumif;rsm;udk tm½Hkpdkufum vli,ftkyfpkrsm;udk ypfrSwfxm;vmyg onf/ tifwmeuftGefvdkif;rSwpfqifh jzefYjzL;a&mif;cs rIvrf;aMumif;rsm;udk odrf;ydkufjcif;rSm xkwfukefrsm;pGm \ t"duaps;uGuf wdk;csJYrIr[mAsL[m jzpfayonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh w½kwfEdkifiH\ “pGefYOD;wDxGifrI tao;pm; tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;” ukeftrSwfwHqdyfjzpfaom BEAR ELECTRIC \ tGefvdkif;vkyfief;rSm ¤if;\ tvHk;pHka&mif;csrI\ 90 &mcdkifEIef; yg0ifvsuf&Sdonf/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rSm vuf&SdvlYtzGJY tpnf;ü wpfaeYwjcm; ao;i,fvmaom tdrfaxmifpk zGJYpnf;yHkESifh ydkNyD; tqifajyapvmonfhtwGuf t&if; tjrpfrsm;udk tvGeftuRH jzKef;wD;jcif;rsKd; rjzpfapay/ 1990 jynfhvGefESpfrsm;wGif arG;zGm;oltkyfpkonf vkyfief; cGif0ifa&mufum trSDtcdkuif;pGm wpfudk,fwnf; aexdkif vmonfESifhtrQ ¤if;wdkYonf rdrd\ tvSaA'qdkif&m pHEIef;topfrsm;ESifh pm;oHk;EdkifpGrf; ydkrdk&SdvmpOfwGif rdrd \ udk,fydkifyHkpHESifh pdwfaeoabmxm;udk azmfñTef;Edkif aom pwdkifusonfh xkwfukefrsm;udk 0,f,l&ef pdwf qE´ydkNyD;&SdaMumif; &Sef[dkif;b@ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya' okawoetu,f'rDrS okawoD vsL,GrfusL;u ajym Mum;onf/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm;onf rnfuJhodkU jzefYjzL; a&mif;csoenf; 小家电新买点在哪里? 2021 ckESpf arvwGif ½Hk;0efxrf; a&Smif0rfonf ukeftrSwfwHqdyfwpfrsKd;\ jrefEIef;jrifhBudwfpuf rnfrQtqifajyNyD; usef;rma&;ESifh nDñGwfaMumif; vdkufzfvTifholrS rdwfqufay;aeonfudk em;axmifae ygonf/ “aeYpOf toD;azsmf&nfwpfcGuf aomuf&if vSyNyD; tom;a&vnf; aumif;ygw,f” [k qdkonfh taMumif; Mum;vdkuf&onfESifh olronf aps;EIef;udk vSrf;Munfhvdkufygonf/ “w½kwf,Grf 200 ausmf aps; EIef;qdk&if rqdk;ygbl;/” odkYjzpfí rdrdtwGuf pwdkifus NyD; usef;rma&;ESifh nDñGwfaom aexdkifrIb0 aqmifMuOf; ay;Edkif&ef arQmfvifhonfhtwGuf olronf ¤if;jrefEIef; jrifhBudwfpufwpfvHk;udk trSmwifvdkufonf/ odkYaomf vnf; oHk;av;Budrf toHk;jyKNyD;aemuf a&Smif0rfonf opfoD;pm;jcif;rSm tvGef tvkyf½Iyfonfudk awGY&Sdvm onf/ “t&ifwkef;uawmh tcGHETmNyD; iSufaysmoD; pm; vdkY&w,f/ tcktcsdefrSmawmh t&om ydkaumif;atmif bmeJYtwl azsmf&nfvkyf&rvJ qdkwmudk pOf;pm;&OD; r,f/ ysif;vGef;vdkY bmopfoD;rS rpm;csifawmhygbl;” [k olru qufvufajymjyygonf/ a&Smif0rfuJhodkYyif vli,frsm;pGmonf aps;r0,frD tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;wdkY\ toGifyHkoP²mef vSyrI? ukefusp&dwfoufomrI? vkyfaqmifcsuf wdus jcif;? t&nftaoG;jrifhrm;aom aexdkifrIb0udk OD;aqmif jcif; ponfh xl;jcm;csufvu©Pmrsm;aMumifh epfarsm aeMuNyD; aetdrfodkY 0,fvmNyD;aemuf bmrSrjyKvkyfbJ xm;vdkuf&ygonf/ pm;oHk;olrsm;onf usKd;aMumif; qDavsmfrIqDodkY wjznf;jznf; jyefvmaeMuygNyD/ tao; pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;aps;uGufudk 0ifa&mufvkyfudkif &ef cufcJrI odyfr&Sday/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; vkyfief;rsm;onf pOfqufrjywf zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrI azmf aqmifvdkvQif vrf;aMumif;udk wdusrSefuefpGm &SmazG &ef vdktyfygonf/ yHk 1/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; ta&mif;qdkifudk awGY&pOf/ 图① 小家电连锁店 CFP 图 yHk 2/ Tokiyaki *syefa&b0JrkefYvHk;vkyf pufudk awGY&pOf/ 图② 章鱼烧球烹饪机 CFP 图 ② acgufodrf;Edkifaom tao;pm;t0wf avQmfpuf/ 折叠迷你洗衣机 o,faqmif&vG,fulaom toD; Budwfpuf/ 便携式榨汁机 37 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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CFP 图 BUYDEEM odyÜHenf;ynmvkyfief;onf tqifh jrifhtpm;taomufrsm; csufjyKwfonfh tao;pm;tdrf oHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm;tm; 'DZkdif;jyKvkyfjcif;? pGefYOD;wD xGifjcif;ESifh jzefYjzL;a&mif;csjcif; ponfwdkYudk vkyfudkif aom tqifhjrifh odyÜHESifhenf;ynmvkyfief; jzpfayonf/ BUYDEEM \ ESpfywfvnf tpD&ifcHpmt& 2021 ckESpfwGif BUYDEEM onf vkyfief;vnfywf 0ifaiG w½kwf,Grf 846 oef; &&SdcJhNyD; 2020 jynfhESpf tvm;wlumvxuf 20.84 &mcdkifEIef; wdk;rsm;vm aMumif; od&ygonf/ BUYDEEM onf usef;rma&; a&aEG;tdk;rsm;tm; t"dua&mif;csvsuf&Sdygonf/ ¤if; xkwfvkyfaom usef;rma&;a&aEG;tdk;onf w½kwf,Grf axmifESifhcsD ukefusonfhtwGuf pm;oHk;olrsm;pGmonf aps;EIef; tvGefjrifhrm;onf[k cHpm;&Edkifrnf/ odkYaomf vnf; vufawGYtm;jzifh 2021 ckESpfwGif BUYDEEM rS xkwfvkyfaom usef;rma&;a&aEG;tdk;ukefypönf;rsm; \ a&mif;csrI pkpkaygif;0ifaiGyrmPrSm w½kwf,Grf 149 oef; &&Sdum 1.07 &mcdkifEIef; tenf;i,favsmhenf; oGm;cJhygonf/ BUYDEEM \ vkyfief;0ifaiG wdk; rsm;ap&ef taxmuftuljyKonfh tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; rsm;vnf; &Sdygao;onf/ ¤if;teuf txif&Sm;qHk; vkyfief;rSm vQyfppfypönf;rsm; r[kwfaom “ toHk; taqmifypönf;ESifh pm;aomufukef ” vkyfief;yif jzpf ayonf/ 2021 ckESpfwGif xdkvkyfief;wpfckwnf;jzifh BUYDEEM onf 0ifaiG w½kwf,Grf 90.24 oef; wdk;rsm;vmum pkpkaygif;0ifaiGrSm w½kwf,Grf 187 oef; &SdcJhygonf/ 2020 jynfhESpfrSpí BUYDEEM onf pm;oHk;rI ae&mrsm;tvdkuf tqifhjr§ifhwifajymif;vJvmum rwl nDaom tpm;taomufqdkif&m tajctaersm;wGif xkwfukefESifh 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk yHhydk;ay;onf/ Oyrm qdkvQif usef;rma&;a&aEG;tdk;rsm;ESifh wGJzufum tdrfoHk; vQyfppfypönf;r[kwfaom t&Hypönf;ESifh tpm;taomuf rsm;udk pwifa&mif;csvmygonf/ toHk;jyKolrsm;\ uifjcif;? aygif;jcif;? jyKwfjcif;? pGyfjyKwfvkyfjcif; ponfh csufjyKwfrIvdktyfcsufrsm;udk jznfhqnf;&ef vQyfppf ypönf;xkwfukefrsm; xkwfvkyfa&mif;csonfhtjyif txl; 'DZdkif;jyKvkyfaom a<u&nftdk;rsm;? pGyfjyKwftdk;rsm;? xrif;Al; ponfwdkYudk yHhydk;vdkufygonf/ csufjyKwf&ef twGuf aqmhpftcsOfrsm;yif axmufyHhygao;onf/ xGef;opfpyHkpHatmufwGif BUYDEEM onf tqifh jr§ifhwifajymif;vJrIvrf;aMumif;wGif ydkí acsmarGYpGm vSrf;csDvsuf&Sdaeygonf/ 38 “r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m吉祥阅读
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“tcef;oefY&Sif;zdkY pdwf½Iyfaeao;ovm;/ 'gudk Munfhprf;vdkufyg/” AD'D,dkwpfyk'fwGif Tik Tok odyÜH enf;ynmqdkif&m zefwD;½dkuful;ol@arkitechnology onf w½kwf prwfoefY&Sif;a&;vkyfpuf½kyfwpfrsdK;udk tuJjzwfcJhygonf/ tqdkygzefwD;½dkuful;olonf tdrfrS xGufoGm;onfhtcgwdkif; ¤if;puf½kyf\ tvdk tavsmufrk'fudk zGifhvSpfonfESifh puf½kyfonf tcef; udk tvdktavsmuf oefY&Sif;a&;vkyfay;rnfjzpfonf/ “tdrfjyefa&mufwdkif; tHhMovdkufwm/ 'Dpuf½kyfu tdrfu oefY&Sif;a&;udk tukefvHk; vkyfNyD;ygNyD/ tvGef oefY&Sif;ygw,f/” Tik Tok toHk;jyKol @iamloixs onf tao;pm; tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;tm; BudKufESpfoufum toHk;jyK aeolwpfOD; jzpfonf/ olronf tao;pm;tdrfoHk; vQyfppfypönf;ESifhqufpyfaom AD'D,dk 10 ckausmfudk qufwdkufvTifhwifvdkufum rdrdu ,if;prwfukef ypönf;rsm;tay: BudKufESpfoufonfh taMumif;&if; rsm;udk azmfjyvdkufygonf/ “w½kwfEdkifiHu ydkYvmwJh tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; tjrefacsmydkYaowÅm awGudk vufcH&&SdwJhcgwdkif; arQmfvifhcsuftjynfheJY txJu bmxnfhxm;rSef;rodwJh rsufrjrif aowÅmudk zGifhvdkuf&ovdkygyJ”[k olru ajymjyonf/ tylvHk cGufwGif ½dk;½dk;a&jznfh½kH[k oifxifygoenf;/ rSm;yg onf? tylvHkcGuftzkH;ay:wGif xdawGYrsufESmjyifudk wyfqifxm;onfhtwGuf a&\tylcsdefudk tvdktavsmuf jyoEdkifygonf/ “bmaMumifhrSef; rodbl;av/ 'gayr,fh uRefr vdkcsifwmygyJ/”rSwfcsufay;aom ae&mwGifvnf; 'Dvdk pdwfMunfEl;apwJh xkwfukefrsdK;udk rvdkcsifwJhol b,f&SdrvJ[k toD;oD; a&;om;azmfjyaeMuygonf/ tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf;rsm;rSm pm;aumif; aomufzG,fe,fy,frS pGefYOD;wDxGifolrsm;\ BudKufESpf oufrIudkvnf; cH,l&&Sdygonf/ pydefEdkifiHu pm;aumif; aomufzG,fzefwD;csufjyKwfol @Amaya'skitchen onf Tik Tok wGif AD'D,dkwpfyk'fudk rQa0ay;vdkufyg onf/ tqdkygAD'D,dkwGif w½kwfEdkifiHxkwf a&cJjcpf pufudk puúefYydkif;wGifom jyocJhaomfvnf; zswfvwf aom tifwmeufoHk;pGJolrsm;u csufcsif; awGYjrif vdkufMuygonf/ ,if;a&cJjcpfpufudk tao;pdwfrdwf qufay;&ef awmif;qdkvmMuonfh y&dowfrsm;aMumifh tqdkygzefwD;csufjyKwfolonf ¤if;pufudk 360 'D*&D jyoonfh AD'D,dktm; xyfrH½dkuful;cJhygonf/ xyfrH ½dkuful;onfh AD'D,dkwGif ,if;a&cJjcpfpufrSm tqifajy acsmarGYpGm vnfywfum a&mif;aps;vnf; oufom onfhtwGufaMumifh 8 odef;eD;yg;aom tifwmeuf oHk;pGJolrsm;tm; qGJaqmifEdkif½HkomrubJ ¤if;zefwD; csufjyKwfoludk tm;ay;onfh y&dowfrsm;vnf; ydkrdk rsm;jym;vmygawmhonf/ r*¾Zif;taxGaxGaqmif;yg; 本刊综合 urÇmwGif tao;pm;tdrfoHk;vQyfppfypönf; rsm; ESpfoufMu 设计 武瑞 39 吉祥阅读“r*Fvm”zwfrSwfp&m
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,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrS ykHajymjcif; / / tkwfzdku ajymjyonfh tkwfzdktaMumif; 砖窑 2021 ckESpfwGif [leefjynfe,f usKef;zef;c½dkifü rifrif;quf (1368 ckESpf-1644 ckESpf)udk wnfaxmif onfh {u&mZf usL;,Grfusef;(1328 ckESpf atmufwdkbm v 21 &uf-1398 ckESpf ZGefv 24 &uf) vufxuf awmfu tkwfzdkukef;rSm wjznf;jznf; xGufay:vmcJh onf/ ESpfaygif; 600 ausmfMum jzwfoef;vmcJhonfh rifrif;qufacwf a&S;a[mif;NrdKUwHwdkif;BuD; tb,f aMumifh rNydKrvJbJ wnfNrJaeEdkifao;oenf;/ wHwdkif; tkwfcsyfay:wGif a&;xdk;xm;onfh “vufrSwf” onf vnf; rnfonfh vQdKU0Sufcsufrsm;udk azmfxkwfjyaeo enf;/ a&S;a[mif;okawoe0efxrf;rsm;u xdktkwfzdk ukef;udk wpfqifhwdk;í wl;azmfNyD; xJ0ifeuf½Idif;pGm avhvmcJhMu&mu wHwdkif;tkwfcsyfxJwGif 0Sufxm;onfh tydkif;tydkif;aom ZmwfaMumif;rsm;rSm vlwdkYa&SUarSmuf xGufay:vmcJhavawmhonf/ tkwfzdk/ / uREkfyfonf “usL;,Grfusef;acwf”u jzpfonf/ 砖窑说:我来自“朱元璋时期” 1980 jynfhvGefESpfrsm;wkef;u [leefjynfe,fwGif a&S;a[mif;,Ofaus;rIypönf;rsm; &SmazGazmfxkwfcJhpOf rifrif;quf acwfu tkwfzdkukef; &SdaMumif;od&Sd&ojzifh “a,mfvkef azmtkwfzdkukef;”[k trnfay;cJhygonf/ 2021 ckESpf arvwGif [leefjynfe,f a&S;a[mif;,Ofaus; rIypönf;okawoewl;azmfrItifpwDusKu tqdkygtkwfzdk ukef;tm; u,fwifEdkifa&; a&S;a[mif;okawoe wl; azmfrI jyKvkyfcJhonf/ tcsuftvufrsm;t& “a,mfvkefazmtkwfzdkukef;” onf ta&SUrS taemuf 930 rDwmcefY? awmifrS ajrmuf rDwm 400 cefY&Sdaom tus,ft0ef;twGif; jyefYESHY wnf&Sdum rifrif;qufacwf tapmydkif;u wHwdkif;tkwf rsm; zkwfvkyfay;onfh tpkd;&tkwfzdkrsm; jzpfavonf/ rifrif;qufacwf tpdk;&tkwfzdkrsm;udk w½kwfEdkifiH ae&mtawmfrsm;rsm;wGif awGY&Sd&í a,bk,stm;jzifh ,efpDjrpf jrpfv,fjrpfaMuydkif;ESifh jrpfcGJrsm;\ jrpf0Srf; a'orsm;wGif jyefYESHYwnf&SdaMumif;? eefusif;odkY a&vrf; jzifh o,f,lydkYaqmif&ef tqifajyaomaMumifh rif rif;qufacwftapmydkif; eefusif;aejynfawmf\ NrdKU½dk; wnfaqmuf&mwGif toHk;jyKcJhaMumif; [leefjynfe,f jywdkuf a&S;a[mif;toHk;taqmifypönf; okawoe pifwmrS wm0efcHjzpfol a<uxnfajrxnf uRrf;usif ynm&Sif zef;ausmif;,Grfu ajymjyygonf/ tkwfzdk / / xdkacwfuwnf;u vkyfief;aqmif&Guf&mwGif wm0ef ,lrI wm0efcHrIpepf &SdaeNyD/ 砖窑说:那时工程就有问责追责制度 aocsmavhvmMunfhonfhtcg tcsdKUaom wHwdkif; tkwf\ a&SUbufwGif oufqdkif&mwm0efcH\ emrnf udk a&;xdk;xm;NyD; ausmbufwGif tkwfzkwform;\ emrnfudk a&;xdk;xm;onfudk awGY&Sd&onf/ “'gudk Munfhjcif;tm;jzifh tJ'Dacwfu pnf;urf;wif;usyfwJh wm0ef,lrI wm0efcHrIpepf &SdaeNyDqkdwm xif&Sm;yg w,f”[k a&S;a[mif;okawoewl;azmfa&; wm0efcH 2021 年, 在 湖 南 省 中方县,一个朱元璋时期 的明代砖窑窑址群揭开尘 封 已 久 的 面 纱。 经 历 了 600 多年的明代古城墙为 何能屹立不倒?刻在城砖 上的“签名”又揭示了哪 些秘密?随着考古人员对 这个砖窑群的进一步发掘 和深入研究,一段段隐藏 在城砖中的故事展现在人 们面前。 【听文物讲故事】 我来说说 我的故事 ① 40 w½kwf,Ofaus;rI中国文化
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&SD;azcGef;u ajymjyonf/ NrdKUwHwdkif;wnfaqmufa&; rSm a&S;acwfu ta&;tBuD;qHk;aom umuG,fa&;vkyf ief; jzpfonf/ NrdKUwHwdkif;wpfck\ t&nftaoG;u rif;qufwpfck\ ab;&efvHkNcHKa&;tay: wdkuf½dkuf oufa&mufrI &Sdonf/ usL;,Grfusef;vufxufacwfu NrdKUwHwdkif; wnfaqmuf&mwGif wHwdkif;tkwf\ t&nf taoG; tmrcHjcif;? t*wdvdkufpm;jcif;ESifh tvkyfcdk? ukefMurf;avQmhjcif;wdkY wdkufzsufa&;twGuf wHwdkif; tkwfay:wGif wm0efcHt&m&SdESifh aqmif&Gufoltqifhqifh wdkY\ emrnfrsm;udk a&;xdk;apjcif;jzifh wm0ef,lrI wm0efcHrI pepfudk usifhoHk;cJhonf/ tkwfzdk / / wHwdkif;wdk;jr§ifhaqmuf&mwGif uREkfyf wpfwyfwpftm; yg0ifcJhonf/ 砖窑说:“高筑墙”有我一份力 avhvmawGY&Sdcsuft& “a,mfvkefazmtkwfzdkukef;” u xGufonfh wHwdkif;tkwfrsm;udk usif;usdK;NrdKUwHwdkif; ([layjynfe,f usif;usdK;NrdKU usif;usdK;Zkefü wnf&Sd onf)wGif toHk;jyKcJhonf/ usif;usdK;jywdkuf 'kjywdkufrSL;ESifh vufaxmuf okawoD usm[efYcsif;\ &Sif;jycsuft& rifrif;quf pwifcsdefwGif eefusif;ü NrdKUawmfwnfcJhaMumif;? ,efpD jrpfv,fydkif;\ ppfa&;umuG,frItiftm; cdkifrmawmifh wif;ap&eftwGuf usif;usdK;NrdKUwHwdkif;udk tm;pdkuf wnfaqmufcJhaMumif;? usif;usdK;NrdKUESifh teD;tem;a'o wdkYu tkwfausmufrsm;udk o,f,lum xkxnfBuD;rm; aom usif;usdK;NrdKUwHwdkif;udk wnfaqmufcJhaMumif;? ,ckvuf&Sd usif;usdK;NrdKUwHwdkif;rSm refcsL;rif;quf acwf (1636 ckESpf-1912 ckESpf)wkef;u rifrif;quf acwf NrdKUwHwdkif;tkwfjrpfay:wGif xyfrHwnfaqmuf xm;cJhonfh NrdKUwHwdkif;jzpfaMumif; od&ygonf/ usif;usdK;NrdKUa[mif;\ wHwdkif;tkwfrsm;rSm “a,mf vkefazmtkwfzdkukef;”u wl;azmf&&Sdonfh wHwdkif;tkwf rsm;ESifh wpfokwfwnf;jzpfonfudk awGY&Sd&aMumif; usm[efYcsif;u ajymjyonf/ “,ckvuf&Sd usif;usdK; NrdKUa[mif;rSm [leefjynfe,fu wHwdkif;tkwf wl;azmf awGY&SdrI tokwfaygif; 74 Budrf &SdNyDjzpfonf/” “a,mfvkefazmtkwfzdkukef;”udk okawoejyK avh vmjcif;uwpfqifh rifrif;qufacwf wHwdkif;tkwf zkwfvkyfonfh tpdk;&tkwfzdkrsm;\ pDrHcefYcGJrIyHkpHESifh vufrIynmtqifhtwef;wdkYtay: wefzdk;&Sdaom avh vmod&SdrIrsm; &&SdEdkifaMumif;? vuf&Sd ordkif;tcsuf tvufrsm;\ xdkpOfu a'otoD;oD;&Sd NrdKUwHwdkif; wnfaqmufrIjzpfpOftay: tao;pdwf rSwfwrf;wifrI qdkif&m vdktyfcsufrsm;udk jznfhqnf;ay;EdkifaMumif;? wpfcsdefwnf;wGif rifrif;qufacwftapmydkif;u [leef jynfe,ftaemufawmifydkif;a'o vlrIpDrHcefYcGJrIESifh tkyfcsKyfrI,EÅ&m; ajymif;vJrI\ ordkif;jzpfpOfudkvnf; ydkrdkxda&mufpGm avhvmEdkifojzifh xdkpOfu tkyfcsKyfa&;? ppfa&;? vlrsdK;pka&;&mpDrHcefYcGJrI ponfwdkY ajymif;vJvm cJhonfh ordkif;taMumif;&if;udk pl;prf;&mwGif taxmuf tuljyKEdkifaMumif; ynm&SifwdkYu oHk;oyfMuayonf/ aqmif;yg;t&if;tjrpf/ / qif[Gmowif;XmerS aumufEkwfonf 来源:新华社,内容有删减 ykH 1/ rifrif;qufacwf r[mwHwdkif;BuD; tkwfcsyfudk awGY&pOf/ 图① 明代长城砖 CFP 图 ykH 2/ rifrif;qufacwf r[mwHwdkif;BuD; 图② 明长城 CFP 图 ykH 3/ ,Ofaus;rIwDxGifzefwD;rIvuf&m jzpfaom r[mwHwdkif;BuD;tkwfcsyf a&S; a[mif;okawoe rsufrjrif aowåmudk awGY&pOf/ 图③ 文创产品长城砖考古盲盒 CFP 图 ②③ 41 中国文化 w½kwf,Ofaus;rI
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“阳台种菜” NrdKUjyawmifolrsm; “0&efwm aps;qdkifwnf”&ef pdwftm;xufoefMujcif;入夏以来,重庆“95 后” 陈珊珊家的阳台一片绿意盎 然,香菜、韭菜郁郁葱葱, 辣 椒 已 挂 果。5 月 20 日, 看着西瓜苗结出首个果实, 她在社交媒体上求助:“第 一个瓜没有养分是不是该摘 除?”阳台种菜,正在中国 年轻人中悄然流行。 城市农夫热衷 CFP 图 42 acwfrDaexdkifrIb0时尚生活
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aEG&moDa&mufvmuwnf;u csHKcsifhNrdKUu “1995 ckESpf vGefzGm;” (1995 ckESpfaemufydkif;wGif arG;zGm;ol) csefpef;pef;\ aetdrf0&efwmrSm pdrf;vef;pdkjynfvsuf&Sd \/ eHeHyif? w½kwfMuufoGefNrdwfwdkY pdrf;pdrf;pdkpdk &Sdae NyD jzpfygonf/ i½kwfyifrSmvnf; toD;oD;vsuf&Sdae NyD jzpfygonf/ arv 20 &ufaeYwGif z&Japhtan§mifh uae yxrqHk; toD;oD;vmonfudk Munfh&if; olr onf “yxrqHk; oD;wJh z&JoD;u tm[m&r&Sd&if cl; ypfzdkY oifhroifh” odvdkaMumif; qdk&S,frD'D,may:rSm tultnDawmif;cHvmcJhavonf/ udkApf-19 uyfa&m*gumuG,fxdef;csKyfrI yHkrSef tajctaeü 0&efwm“aps;qdkifwnf” jcif; (0&efwm wGif [if;oD;[if;&Gufyif pdkufysdK;jcif;) rSm w½kwf vli,frsm;tMum; wdwfwqdwf acwfpm;vmcJhonf/ w½kwfEdkifiH\ emrnfausmf tD;-aumrufpfyvufazmif; wpfcku xkwfjyefonfh “2022 ckESpf 0&efwmwGif [if;oD;[if;&GufyifpdkufysdK;jcif; tpD&ifcHpm”u vuf&Sd wGif tGefvdkif;u a&mif;csonfh opfoD;ESifh [if;oD; [if;&GufrsdK;aphrsm;rSm trsdK;tpm; 3000 ausmf&SdaeNyD jzpfaMumif;? ,ckESpf yxr 3 vywf&moDtwGuf CFP 图 微博图片 扫描二维码 轻松听杂志 r*¾Zif;udk tvG,fwul zwf½I&ef QR uk'fudk puifzwfyg/ 43 时尚生活 acwfrDaexdkifrIb0
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[if;oD;[if;&GufrsdK;aph trsdK;rsdK;\ a&mif;csrIyrmP rSm ,cifESpfumvwlxuf wpf[kefxdk;jrifhwufvmcJh aMumif;? 0,f,lol ta&twGufrSm 3 ESpf qufwdkuf 100% ausmf jrifhwufvmcJhaMumif;? eHeHyif? w½kwf MuufoGefNrdwf? z&J? i½kwf? MuufoGefNrdwf ponfwdkY rSm 2022 ckESpf aEGOD;&moDtwGuf a&mif;tm;taumif; qHk; xdyfqHk; 10 ck rsdK;aph pm&if;0if jzpfvmcJhaMumif;? &Sef[dkif;? wkef;uGrf? ayusif;? pl;usdK;? uGrfusdK; ponfh NrdKUBuD;rsm;\ “0&efwm aps;qdkifwnf”EIef;rSm xdyfqHk; 5 ae&mwGif &SdaecJhaMumif;? pdkufysdK;onfh vltkyfpkrSm t"dutm;jzifh “1985 ckESpf vGefzGm;” rsm;rS “1995 ckESpf vGefzGm;” rsm;txd jzpfaMumif; azmfjyxm;onf/ “‘w½kwfawG[m b,fae&myJa&mufa&muf enf; vrf;&SmBuHNyD; wpfckckpdkufysdK;csifwwfMuw,f’ vdkY qdk w,f/ yHkpHoP²mefajymif;vJvmayr,fh twGif;pdwfxJ rSmawmh [if;oD;[if;&GufpdkufysdK;csifwJh pdwf &SdwJhtwGuf xifygw,f/” NrdKUjywGif BuD;jyif;vmcJhonfh csefpef;pef; u “0&efwm aps;qdkifwnf” jcif;udk “uGefu&pfawm tkyfxJrSm pdkufcif;tdyfruf taumiftxnfazmfjcif;” ESifh wifpm;xm;ygonf/ olru [if;oD;[if;&Guf vTwfvTwfvyfvyfpm;okH;Edkif&ef azmfaqmifrIudk *½k rpdkufbJ vkyftm;jzifh &&Sdvmonfh pdwf"mwfa&;&m cHpm;csuf udkom ydkítav;xm;avonf/ “ rsdK;aph 0,f,l? pdkufysdK;wmuae cl;qGwfwJhtxd tJ'DOpömu arQmfvifhcsufawGtjynfheJY jzpfpOfwpfck jzpfygw,f/” xsef;usif;ol 0rfa&Smif&Sif;rSm pdkufysdK;a&;aumvdyf bGJY&ausmif;olwpfOD; jzpfygonf/ ,ckESpf {NyDvwGif tdrfrSm ajrvGwf&Sdonfudk awGY&Sd&mu csufcsif;qdkovdk [if;oD;[if;&Guf pdkufcsifonfh pdwful; jzpfay:vmcJh ygonf/ [if;oD;[if;&GufpdkufysdK;onfh taMumif;udk qdk&S,frD'D,mwGif rdwfaqGoli,fcsif;rsm;xH rQa0ay; vdkufNyD;aemuf tm;vHk;u vmí wHkYjyefMuojzifh tcsif; csif;Mum;wGif &if;ESD;rI ydk&SdvmcJhonfudk 0rfa&Smif&Sif; awGY&SdvmcJhygonf/ uav;\tar wpfOD;taejzifh “obm0+um,vkyftm;” ynma&;rSm [if;oD;[if; &Guf pdkufysdK;jcif;u &&Sdonfh “xyfwdk;wefzdk;” jzpf onf/ 0rfa&Smif&Sif;u olronf aeYpOf uav;i,f tm; olrESifhtwl tyifrsm; &SifoefBuD;xGm;yHkudk avhvm aponf[k ajymjyonf/ yef;rsm; b,fESpfyGifhyGifhNyDvJ/ toD;rsm;BuD;vmovm;/ rdk;&GmvdkY&Sd&if c½kyufusdrsm; a&mufvmvdrfhr,f . . . [if;oD;[if;&Guf trsdK;tpm; rsm; rjywfwdk;csJUpdkufysdK;jcif;jzifh uav;i,ftm; tdrf CFP 图 CFP 图 CFP 图 44 acwfrDaexdkifrIb0时尚生活
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rSm ae&if; Owkav;yg;pvHk;udk cHpm;&apatmif olru pDpOfvsuf&Sdonf/ “c&rf;csOfoD;udk aq;NyD;wmeJY pm;r,f/ MuufoGef Nrdwfudk qDvufzuf&nfxJ xnfhr,f/ i½kwfoD;udk tcsOfcGufxJ tcsOfpyfr,f/” uGrf;&SD;wGif aexdkifonfh “1990 jynfhESpfvGefzGm;”armfwef;wef;u olr [if;oD; [if;&Guf pdkufysdK;vmcJhjcif; 10 ESpfeD;yg;&SdNyDjzpfaMumif;? rdrdbmom [if;oD;[if;&GufpdkufysdK;jcif;u aps;zdk;acR wm&ma&mufí tqifajyjcif;? npfnrf;rIuif;í usef;rm a&;ESifh nDñGwfjcif;wdkYtjyif “ 'DaeY[if; 0,fp&mrvdk” [laom atmifjrifrIcHpm;csufu yDwdjzpfp&maumif; aMumif; ajymjyygonf/ ,ckESpfrsm;wGif olronf qdk&S,frD'D,mrSwpfqifh te,fe,ft&yf&yfu pdkufysdK; a&;0goem&Sifrsm;ESifh pdkufysdK;rItawGYtBuHKrsm; rQa0cJh &mu“ NrdKUjyawmifol”tkyfpkBuD; wpfaeYwjcm; tiftm; aumif;vmonfudk udk,fawGYrsufjrif &SdvmcJhavonf/ oufqdkif&m pm&if;jyKpkcsuft& w½kwfjynfwGif; ü“0&efwmaps;qdkifwnfjcif;”vkyfief;qdkif&m aps;uGuf aiG yrmPrSm w½kwf,Grf bDvD,H q,f*Pef;csD &Sdvm EdkifNyD; ,if;vkyfief;uGif;qufwGif [if;oD;[if;&Gufrsm; \ BuD;xGm;rIumvtwGif; yg0ifonfh opfoD;ESifh [if; oD;[if;&Guf rsdK;aph? yef;tdk;? ajraqG;? ajrMoZm? NcHpdkuf ud&d,m ponfhvkyfief;rsm;udk vTrf;NcHKxm;aMumif; od &onf/ tD;-aumrufpfyvufazmif;rsm;\ azmfjycsuf t& [if;oD;[if;&Gufyif pdkufysdK;jcif;[laom “0goem t&if;cHpD;yGm;a&;”aps;uGufudk &nf&G,fvsuf ukefonf vkyfief;&SifBuD;rsm;u pm;oHk;olrsm;\ pdwfBudKufzef wD;EdkifrIESifh a&G;cs,fp&mrsm;jym;pHkvifrI vdktyfcsuf rsm;udk jznfhqnf;Edkif&ef tpGrf;ukef BudK;yrf;vsuf&Sd aMumif; od&onf/ a&mif;oltawmfrsm;rsm;u vuf tdwfyHkpHopfrsm; zefwD;xkwfvkyfvmMuNyD; w½kwfaiG ,Grf 20 0ef;usifrQjzifh toHk;jyK&ef vG,fulaom [if; oD;[if;&GufpdkufysdK;a&;ud&d,mwpfpHkudk 0,f,l&&SdEdkif NyD jzpfonf/ tcsdKUa&mif;olrsm;qdkvQif 0,folrsm; bufu em;rvnfonfrsm;udk vdkufzfvTifhí oifjyMu? &Sif;jyMuao;onf/ vdkufzfwpfBudrfvTifhwdkif; Munfh½I olta&twGufrSm ESpfaomif;oHk;aomif;rQ &Sdavonf/ w½kwfEdkifiH taemufawmifwuúodkvf opfoD; 0vHyef;rmefpdkufysdK;jyKpka&;ESifh O,smOfynmaumvdyf opfoD;0vHyef;rmefpdkufysdK;jyKpka&;Xme XmerSL; zef;,GD u 0&efwmaps;qdkifwnfjcif;rSm wu,fawmh acwfopf tdrfwGif; O,smOfpdkufysdK;jcif;\ tpdwftydkif;wpfck jzpf aMumif;? NrdKUjyzGHYNzdK;vmrIjzpfpOfwGif ,cif rdrdtdrfNcH0if; twGif; [if;oD;[if;&Gufyif pdkufysdK;jcif;rSae toGif ajymif;vJvmcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; &Sif;jyygonf/ 0&efwm wGif [if;oD;[if;&Gufyif pdkufysdK;jcif;rSm tvS½Ipm;Edkif jcif;? pm;oHk;Edkifjcif;? tdrfwGif; avxkoefYpifapjcif; ponfh tusdK;aus;Zl;rsm; &Sdavonf/ O,smOfpdkufysdK; rIukoenf; tusdK;tmedoifbufu MunfhvQifvnf; pdwfzdpD;rIavsmhusapjcif;? pdwfcHpm;csufcsdefn§dEdkifjcif; ponfhtusdK;aus;Zl;rsm; &Sdavonf/ NrdKYaejynfolrsm; taejzifh pm;oHk;rIp&dwf rjywfjrifhwufvmaeonfh acwfBuD;rSm pnf;e&Djrefqefonfh b0rSm tDvufxa&mepf ypönf;rsm;udk ab;csNyD; tdrfwGif;rSmyif obm0BuD;xH odkY jyefoGm;í pdwfvuf ayghayghyg;yg;xm;um pdkufysdK; wGif epfarsmcHpm;jcif;jzifh pdwfzdpD;rIudk avQmhcsEdkifaom aMumifh usef;rma&;ESifh nDñGwfaom aexdkifrIyHkpHwpfrsdK; [kvnf; qdkEdkifonf[k tqdkygXme XmerSL; zef,GDu qufvufxifjrifavonf/ aqmif;yg;t&if;tjrpf/ / www.chinanews.com.cn aqmif;yg;rS aumufEkwfonf 来源:中国新闻网,内容有删节 CFP 图 45 时尚生活 acwfrDaexdkifrIb0
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夏季夜宵之王——在中国,夏季是夜宵 最红火的时候,夏日夜晚 的夜宵摊,也是社区里最 热闹且人间烟火气最浓的 地方。夏季吃夜宵,小龙 虾是人们必点的美食。白 天太热,食欲不佳,再加 上工作一天,需要释放压 力,一锅色彩鲜艳、需要 手剥嘴吸的小龙虾,绝对 可以让人胃口大开。三五 好友围坐一桌,再喝一杯 冰爽啤酒,夏日里的闷热 烦燥一扫而空。 aEG&moD nv,fpmjzpfonfh a&csdKausmufykpGefao; w½kwfEdkifiHwGif aEG&moDtcsdefu nv,fpm tpm; trsm;qHk;tcsdef jzpfonf/ aEG&moD\ ntcsdef vrf; ab;aps;qdkifrsm;onf &yfuGufxJ&Sd vltoGm;tvm trsm;qHk;ESifh tpnfum;qHk; ae&mjzpfonf/ aEG&moD csdefrSm nv,fpm pm;onfhtcg a&csdKausmufykpGefao; rsm;onf pm;okH;olrsm;u r&Sdrjzpf rSmpm;rnfh tpm;tpm jzpfayonf/ aeYcif;csdefrSm yltdkufvGef;aomaMumifh tpm rpm;csifjzpfwwfNyD; wpfaeYwm tvkyf\ pdwfzdpD;rIrS uif;a0;ap&ef ta&mifawmufawmuf [if;tdk;jzpfonfh vufjzifh tcGHETmNyD; pkyfpm;&onfh ausmufykpGefonf vlwdkYudk tpmpm;csifpdwfrsm; jzpfaponf/ oli,fcsif; 3 a,muf? 5 a,muf pm;yGJ0dkif;zGJYxdkifNyD; vufjzifh tcGH ETmpm;? [if;&nfaomufNyD;aemuf bD,mat;at;av; wpfcGuf aomufvdkufygu aEG&moD\ yltdkuf'Pfrsm; tm;vHk;udk arhoGm;vdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ w½kwfEdkifiHwGif rnfonfhae&mu ausmufykpGefao; u txl;jcm;qHk;oenf;/ tGefvdkif;oHk;pGJolrsm;\tuJ jzwfEIdif;,SOfjcif;rS od&onfrSm atmufazmfjyyg ae&m rsm;onf ausmufykpGefao;rsm; pm;onfh taumif;qHk; ae&m jzpfygonf/ 46 pm;aumif;aomufzG,f美食生活
第48页
CFP 图 47 美食生活 pm;aumif;aomufzG,f
第49页
[layjynfe,f csefusef;NrdKU 湖北省潜江市 ajrjyefYvGifjyifa'ojzpfonfh csefusef;NrdKUwGif jrpfrsm;ESifh wl;ajrmif;rsm; jzwfausmfaeNyD; a&uefrsm; ysHYESHYygonf/ aygrsm;aom a&o,HZmwaMumifh ¤if;udk ta&;ygaom ausmufykpGefNrdKYtjzpf jzpfxGef;wdk;wufrI twGuf tkwfjrpfaumif; csrSwfay;cJhonf/ csefusef; e,fole,fom;wdkYonf ausmufykpGefxkwfvkyfrI jr§ifh wifa&;twGuf ykpGefESifhpyg; wGJzufpdkufysdK;arG;jrLjcif; yHkpHudkvnf; wDxGifcJhMuonf/ (¤if;ykHpHqdkvdkonfrSm pyg;ESifh ausmufykpGefaygif;pyf tusdK;tjrwf &&Sdap&ef ausmufykpGefarG;jrLjcif;ESifh pyg;pdkufysdK;jcif;wdkYudk pyg; cif;wpfckwnf;wGif rQoHk;jcif;jzpfonf/) ausmufykpGef ao;arG;jrLxkwfvkyfrI tvGefwdk;jr§ifhvmygonf/ csefusef;e,fole,fom;rsm;onf ausmufykpGefao; udk tdk;xJxnfh arTNyD;vQif bD,m? [if;cwftarT;tMudKif rsm;ESifh tjcm;qufpyfypönf;rsm; xnfhum qDwpf0uf ausmfxnfhNyD; em&D0ufausmf tkyfxm;ygonf/ qDjyef csufenf;rSm ausmufykpGefao;\ t&om ydk0ifaponfh tjyif ausmufykpGef\ yifudk,ft&omvnf; raysmuf apay/ CFP 图 48 pm;aumif;aomufzG,f美食生活
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